Youth in Argentina: A Comparative Analysis of Argentine Youth: An Untapped Potential, Human Societies, How Societies Change, and Course Material It was at the age of 8 that I was about to endow on one of my largest journeys in life, moving to another country. At such time I knew neither the implications nor changes that would occur in my life and was discontent to be moving. Nevertheless, it was this passage that fueled my curiosity for discovering why the youth in my country had been consumed in what is considered risky behavior, while in the United States the youth was thriving with success. During my teenage years, after observing the inner dynamics of the youth in the United States, I began to ask myself what the cause of this phenomena could be; how could it stand that my friends in Argentina were out smoking cigarettes, dropping out of school and smoking cannabis while my friends in the United States were living a healthy lifestyle away from risk? Of course, it could be said that I chose friends with different values, but that answer for me would not suffice; I knew there had to exist a further complex aspect to this phenomena. It was finally when I was given a chance to read a government guidance book in my sociology class by the name of Argentine Youth: Untapped Potential that I was enlightened with the answer to my question.
During this paper, I will strive to provide a concise answer to my question with the assistance of Argentine Youth: Untapped Potential written by World Bank and course material from Nolan and Lenski, and Chirot. I will likewise attempt to explain the consequences to society of the risky behavior the youth of Argentina embark in, as well as provide an understanding of why a country with such rich amount of natural resources and a dense population may be bound to fail in the industrial world.
Before doing so though, it is important that I note Argentina’s basic economic conditions, youth population size, youth political representation and education policies and figures in order to form a precise analysis of the youth in Argentina. It is important to state that the unemployment rate and population living under the poverty line is moderately high in industrialized Argentina. Twelve percent of Argentina’s population is living under the poverty line, while the unemployment rate in Argentina is slightly higher than seven percent (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos).Although these may seem low compared to the United States, it is key to take into account that Argentina is not going through a recession, in fact it has been doing better than in previous years (World Bank, World Development Indicator). Furthermore, it is also important to see the effect of this specifically on the youth and not the overall population. Because youth unemployment rates are two-fold those of other workers, we can expect a disproportionate operating economy were the adults hold the steadiest employment. Moreover, exploring the population figures, specifically youth, shows that “6.7 million between the ages of 15 and 24” reside in Argentina (World Bank, xiii). Out of such population “over 2 million (31 percent) have already engaged in risky behaviors, and another 1 million (15 percent) are exposed to risk factors that are correlated with eventual risky behaviors” (xii). Likewise, adding to the youths’ problems is their lack of political representation, particularly the youth of both the middle class and lower. Low income youth constitutes 44% of those who lack political representation. On the other hand, high income youth does not lack this problem as their class represents only 11% of the population who lack political voice (xiv). Finally, in terms of education, Argentina’s low income youth founds 45% of those who lack education, while the upper class constitutes a much smaller amount of 16.5% (xiv). At last, in terms of education policy, Argentina’s is a weak one. Since in Argentina there is no policy for the...
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