Sociological theories of youth crime
This essay will discuss the understanding of the sociological and psychological factors of youth crime. It will be agreeing and disagreeing in the above statement Youth crime is also known as juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquency refers to criminal acts performed by juveniles. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centres. There are a multitude of different theories on the cause of crime, most if not all of which can be applied to the cause of youth crime. Youth crime is aspect of crime which receives great attention from the news media and politicians. Crime committed by young people has risen since the mid- twentieth century, as have most types of crime. The level and types of youth crime can be used by commentators as an indicator of the general state of morality and law and order in a country, and consequently youth crime can be the source of ‘moral panics’ Theories on the cause of youth crime can be viewed as particularly important within criminology. This is firstly because crime is committed disproportionately by those aged between fifteen and twenty-five. Secondly by definition any theories on the cause of crime will focus on youth crime, as adult criminals will have likely started offending when they were young. A juvenile delinquent is one who repeatedly commits crime; however these juvenile delinquents could most likely have mental disorders/behavioural issues such as schizophrenia, post traumatic stress disorder or bipolar disorder.
Effects of Youth Crime
A kid walks down the crowded hallway at school. He is late to his class so he is going as fast as he can. In his hurry, he accidentally bumps into another kid. The other kid backs off and starts yelling at the first one. He asks why he bumped into him, and was he trying to start something? The first kid hastily apologizes as he turns and starts to race down the hall toward his third period class. The second kid takes this the wrong way and pulls out a handgun, the crowd around him quickly disperses as they see the gun. He aims his gun at the first kid and says take this you punk! He quickly pulls the trigger several times, the bullets tearing through the first's body. He falls to the ground, dead. Things like this happen every day. Kids hurting other kids, it's not something that should be happening. Because of things like this, there are many rules and regulations at schools and other places that there wasn't before. Youth violence happens every day and it is tearing society apart. A lot of crimes now days are committed by kids, people under the age of 21. They do all sorts of crime, they murder one another, they steal things, they paint graffiti on the wall. Crime is worse than it ever has been. It used to be the mob that people were scared of, now it's the gangs. If you cross a member of a gang, you can bet that his friends will get you back for him. Gang wars are especially dangerous, it starts with just two people, one from one gang and one from another gang. One of them does something to the other, like stab him, and then the victim's friends will get the attacker. It continues to escalate until it is all out war. Stopping gang wars is just one small step to stopping youth violence.
Gangs are not the only youth's who commit crime. There are tons of kids who steal from stores, do and sell drugs, vandalize buildings and a lot of other things as well. These kids are just as large of a problem as the gang...
Preventing Youth Crime
Outline and evaluate strategies used by criminal agencies to control youth crime.
An estimate number of 10 to 17 yr olds in UK in 1999 was 2704392 males and 2561681 females. These young people represent of the general population and are also often the group who elicit the most concern and discussion within local communities and the media. There...
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