“You Left Me” by Emily Dickinson Analysis

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“You left me” is an intriguingly concise poem by Emily Dickinson. Like many of her other works, the poem follows a tight ballad meter—iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter. The rhyme is also very precise in the second and fourth lines of each stanza creating an easy to follow flow to the poem. This pattern gives the poem a very whimsical feeling as if the reader is also lovesick. The receiver of the poem is clearly someone very meaningful to the persona, but has already “left.” It is unclear whether it is a physical or emotional separation but either way they are far enough away for the persona to feel “…boundaries of pain/Capacious as the sea.” One of the influences of the poem may have been Charles Wadsworth, a famous minister of the Arch Street Presbyterian Church. Chronologically, the poem was probably written in 1862, when Dickenson wrote over 366 poems. This is within the time frame when Dickinson first got to know Wadsworth. The two rarely saw each other after 1855 when he moved to San Francisco, but Dickinson’s emotional attachment to Wadsworth remained strong for the rest of her life. Dickinson wrote many letters to him and referred to him as "my Philadelphia,” "my dearest earthly friend" and "my Shepherd from 'Little Girl'hood". Their distance or frequent separation may have been the source to this poem In the first stanza, Dickinson introduces the first legacy—love. The persona’s love is valued to the extent that even a “Heavenly Father,” God, would be satisfied with it, but only if “had he the offer of.” This not only asserts the significance of this love, but also brings in a sense of how unique the love is to the persona. The quote implies that the love is worthy of a God, however it is given exclusively to the persona. The second stanza talks about the emptiness that has been left. The persona first displays this sense of loss with the repetition of the title in the beginning of each stanza. The “boundaries” within the persona hold immense amounts...
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