6th Period US History
18 December 2012
1. Reasons for the Outbreak of WWI
* The Alliance System: The formation of the German States/Empire, the Triple Alliance, the Franco-Russian Alliance, and the Triple Entente proved that war amongst these countries was eminent. * The Naval Race: In 1898, the Germans began building a navy that challenged Britain’s dominance over naval affairs. These two countries engaged in an arms race in the early 1900’s building warships. The HMS Dreadnaught was built during this arms race. * The Balkan Crisis: In the late 1800’s an immense amount of nationalism and self determination swept through Europe. The Serbs, Bosnians, Croats, and Slovenes wanted independence. The Serbs were the first to gain independence, but the Austro-Hungarians limited their growth. In 1908, the Austro-Hungarian Empire annexed Bosnia, angering the Serbs. * A Continent Goes To War: The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was in the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo, where he was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip. The Austro-Hungarians blamed Serbia as a whole for the assassination, and declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914. On August 1, Germany declared war on Russia, and France on August 3. * Germany’s Plan Fails: Germany wanted to attack France by going through Belgium. Great Britain, who promised Belgium they would remain neutral, declared war on Germany.
2. LINER LUSITANIA SUNK BY GERMAN SUBMARINE FLEET RUSHES TO AID The Washington Times The RMS Lusitania, filled with many American passengers, was either torpedoed or blown up by an infernal machine while off Old Head of Kinsale on May 7, 1915 at 2:33 P.M. The latest reports here say that all passengers are saved. The German submarine that sunk the Lusitania is believed to be the same which...
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