Wuthering Heights Settings Thrushcross Grange • • • • 'Pure white', 'gold'-showing the higher class and social status Opposite to WH 'glass drops' 'the idiots'-the Lintons have wealth, status and class yet are still unhappy
Wuthering Heights • • • • • • • Prison like Oddly beautiful Graveyard 'completely removed from the stare of society' 'grotesque' carvings Lonely, isolated Elemental, with nature. Characters Cathy • • • • Mean and vindictive (Nelly) 'at 15 she was queen of the countryside' Aware of her responsibilities , marrying Edgar 'It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff'
Heathcliff • • • • • • • • Reflects the weather and moors Different in appearance and character 'Out and outer' Nature/nurture Passionate Mysterious Bedraggled Out of control
• Animalistic Lockwood • • • • Looks on Unsure Self depricating Looknig for friends Themes Love • • • • • • • • • Heathcliff and Cathy bond through mutual rebellion Eternal passion 'I cannot live without my soul' 'I am Heathcliff' 'If all else remained and he were annihiliated the universe would turn a mighty stranger' Edgar/Cathy and Cathy/Linton seperated through death Fustration of love? Cathy/Hareton are the only succesful couple, overcame social boundaries 'It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff' Heathcliff hands Cathy back to Edgar, belongs to him
Death and the supernatural • 'Surely you and everybody else have a notion that there is or should be an existance of yours beyond you' • 'i know ghosts have wondered on Earth. Be with me always' • Death brings Hareton and Cathy together • Death is the only thing that can truly merge Cathy and Heathcliff • Supernatural is always dealt with at WH • Ghosts are a manifestation of the past, the power of memories Childhood • • • • Heathcliff's characterised by violence Catherine stays immature and child like she is spoilt throughout her life Cathy is not allowed to WH, Linton aware of how childhood is important and how she should be brought up within society.
Revenge • Hindley wants revenge on Heathcliff, feels he stole his father from him
• Heathcliff wants to 'pay Hindley back' for his mistreatment • Heathcliff wants revenge of Edgar so taking Cathy with their material revenge, he marries Isabella for this purpose • Isabella wishes she could take 'an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth' • Hareton is degraded as revenge of Hindley • Although isolated by his obession with revenge he is reuinted with Cathy in death • WH and TG return to their rightful heirs Narrative Voice Nelly • Colloquial, less educated ' gipsy brat' • Emotional, dramatic • Exaggerated Lockwood • • • • • Well educated, snobby-'Perceiving myself in a blunder' Foolish-'a capital fellow' referring to Heathcliff Naive-'Unluckily, it was a heap of dead rabbits' Complex sentences Doesn't understand the lives of the WH inhabitants Critical reading Psychoanalytical • Cathy and Heathcliff's union is only maintained through Cathy's identity • Their love is tied to the convention of language, which categorises it as having a live and limited outcome • Cathy realises death is the only way to be truly merged with Heathclliff • Cathy and Heathcliff dramatise the unknown, repressed and childish part of everyone • The child is the mother of the man • Cathy and Heathcliff's love represents the pre-Oedipal stage, a time of absalute identification between the self and someone else(mother) • Communication has no need of words at this stage • The Oedipal crisis requires that a child adopts a culture and language demanding seperation and repression of the mother and her culture. • Women survive by enetering into a femininty that doesn't work or suffereign death, walkign the moors as a ghost with Heathcliff. • Each subject of dreams misinterpreted the seventy time seven forgiveness • Unforgivable sin consists in judging other unforgivable
• Cathy and Hareton bind their emotions to find human wholeness through forgivness and understanding •...