Wuthering Heights

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1. INTRODUCTION

First of all, I am going to start my essay with a brief talk on Brontë’s life. The author of this world-known novel was born on 30 July 1818 in Thornton, near Bradford in Yorkshire. The particular style and technique of an author is usually mainly attributed to his/her personality and individual preferences. In the case of Emily Brontë, she was an extremely withdrawn and private person; and it is because of this, why she turned to books as a form of expression. She used her novels as a mean of transmitting her feelings. Brontë published her novel Wuthering Heights in 1847 and just one year later died of tuberculosis. Wuthering Heights is considered a classic of English literature. It tells the story of two people, Catherine and Heathcliff, who love each other and it shows how money and power come between this love making it almost impossible to triumph over. I am going to focus my work on the different main characters in the novel, the setting, themes, nature vs. culture, comparison between the two houses (Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange), Romantic traits in the novel, social classes and some other relevant points in the story.

2. CHARACTERS
Heathcliff: An orphan found in Liverpool and taken in by Mr. Earnshaw and raised with his family. Although he is quiet, he is wild, passionate, full of hate and rage to those who are against him and he is devoted to Catherine, his life wouldn’t make sense with her. As the story goes on, Heathcliff breaks his inner barriers and starts showing his feelings. Catherine Earnshaw: She is the daughter of Mr. Earnshaw and the sister of Hindley. She marries Edgar Linton and has a daughter, also named Catherine. She tries to be a civilized and is brought up in Thrushcross Grange but she is wild, ill-tempered and playful. She along with Heathcliff will be the protagonist of a dramatic and intense love story. Mr. Earnshaw: Catherine's father. He brings Heathcliff into his family beside his family’s protests and soon favours the orphan over his own son, Hindley. He is a humble farmer and a stern father with a kind heart. Edgar Linton: Isabella’s older brother. He marries Catherine and fathers Cathy Linton. He is educated, civilized, polite, patient and quiet. His defaults are a tendency to be cold, a certain reluctance towards problems and difficult situations (he hides from the problems in his room reading books) and rancorous. Ellen “Nelly” Dean: One of the main narrators of the novel. She has been a servant of the Earnshaws, at Wuthering Heights, and the Lintons, at Thrushcross Grange. She is a local of the area and has experienced life at both houses. She is educated, high-spirited and has a great personality. She is an unbiased narrator and, therefore, she has an independent character and doesn’t influence easily by anyone. Lockwood: The main narrator of the novel although he is replaced in the narration by Nelly in chapter 4. He is a gentleman from London who decides to rent Thrushcross Grange in order to escape from the city and carry out a more quiet, and lonely life. But he changes his mind when he gets to know Heathcliff and he returns to his old lifestyle to not ending up like Heathcliff. Cathy Linton: Daughter of Edgar and the older Catherine. She inherits all the good qualities of her parents. She has the strength and high spirits of her mother as well as the mildness and sensitivity of her father. Isabella Linton: Edgar’s younger sister. She marries Heathcliff and gives birth in London to Linton Heathcliff. Before marrying Heathcliff, she is an intelligent, well educated but a little naive and foolish. When she marries Heathcliff and starts living with him, her personality changes and she becomes ill-tempered with some traits of cruelty due to her unhappy marriage with Heathcliff and the abuse she received from him. We can see this change in this quote: “I surveyed the weapon inquisitively. A hideous notion struck me: how powerful I should be...
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