Wrongful Convictions

Topics: Miscarriage of justice, Conviction, Felony Pages: 6 (2246 words) Published: May 5, 2013
March 13, 2013
Annotated Bibliography
“A Check on Bad Eyewitness Identifications.” New York Times. (6 Dec. 2012): A.34. National Newspapers Core. Web. 5 Mar. 2013.
This article is about how the Oregon Supreme Court made a decision on how eyewitness identification is to be used in criminal trials. The article states that misidentification is the country’s leading cause of wrongful convictions. In the ruling, it states that eyewitness should be subject to stricter standards. The court took into account three decades of scientific research showing that memory and perception can be unreliable. The article talks about how Oregon is the only state that is working on making a change in trials so there will not be any more wrongful convictions.

This article will make an excellent source for my research project. The fact that the Oregon Supreme Court is doing something to prevent wrongful conviction that other states are still not acting on makes for an interesting point and that will need further research on. Acker, James R. “Wrongful Convictions Then and Now: Lessons to Be Learned.” Albany Law

Review. 73.4 (2010): 1207-1211. Academic Search Premier. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. This forum is about Acker’s remarks on a future article that will be published in the Law Review, that he co-authored with Catherine Bonventre. In the article, they review the completed New York State Bar Association Task Force report on wrongful convictions. The author states several conclusions from a1932 study, convicting the innocent by Professor Edwin of Yale Law School, who studied sixty- five cases of known wrongful convictions. Arcker goes in to several things that have needed to change since 1932 to prevent wrongful conviction. Arcker main changes to make are after reports follow-up action is needed, changing governing legal laws, and doing more research on preventing wrongful convictions. To take a step forward, the author recommends involving the social science community in research and educating efforts. The author concludes his observation with many estimates about how good the criminal justice system is in terms of getting it right.

This forum will be very interesting and factual for my research project. The author’s opinions on what to do to make the percentage of wrongful convictions decrease are very intelligent and promising. The estimates the author concluded with will make excellent material for my research. This forum is also very recent and that will help get my point across to readers. Barron, James. “State Pays $2 Million to Settle Man’s Wrongful Conviction.” New York Times (2 Oct. 2012): A.28. National Newspapers Core. Web. 5 Mar. 2013.

This article is about a mechanic named Michael Clancy who was sentenced to life in prison for a shooting in Bronx. Clancy was wrongfully charged for the murder of John Buono; when Clancy was released he then filed a lawsuit for wrongful conviction and won $2 million dollars. Ronald L. Kuby, Clancy’s lawyer, stated that this is the fourth largest settlement in a wrongful conviction case in the state. Clancy was charged with the murder because of three false witnesses testimonies. In 2008, a new eyewitness appeared to testify and in doing so, caused the other witness to have doubts. Another suspect, Andrew DeJesus, was arrested and charged with the murder.

Barron’s article has led me to research more about false eye witness testimonies. This article is a good choice because it talks about the consequences the state, judges, and prosecutors have to accept for wrongfully convicting an innocent man. It also shows the upside in being proved innocent. Chammah, Maurice. “A Growing Battle for Exoneration.” New York Times (18 Nov. 2012):

A.29A. National Newspapers Core. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.
This article is about four women who were convicted of sexually abusing two little girls, after Dr. Kellogg examined them and told juries that she saw physical signs of “healed trauma,” meaning that it...
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