World War I Trenches

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What were the trenches?
Only a small number of the army actually spent their time in the trenches.The trenches were the equivalent of the front line but also happened to be the most dangerous place. Behind the trenches were many more trenches leading to civilisation and neighbouring towns, these trenches were training establishments, stores, workshops and headquarters. The trenches were the area of the soldiers, with space for the machine-guns, the engineers and the space where the soldiers spent a lot of time, with guns in their hands and on watch for the enemy. Why were the trenches there?

The trenches were there to protect the armies from powerful opposition, from the use of their snipers and bomb shells. The idea of trenches was not an original idea for the war, before the 1st world war it was used in the US civil war, and other wars close to the time. “Trench war fair” in World war 1 was said to have started in 1914 in september and ended in 1918 when the Allies had a large attack on the enemy. Massive armies in 1914 continuously fought the war, and during that time many trenches were built just for protection and to home soldiers, until the day when they went over the top. From the Battle of the Aisle onwards, both armies dug trenches to take cover and to help them hold there ground. By November 1914 there was a continuous line of trenches covering some 400 miles from Switzerland to the North Sea. There was no way round, from both armies

What were the trenches like?
The the size and the conditions varied a lot, depending on the local conditions of the area. In the area of the River Somme on the Western Front of france, the ground is chalky and is easy to dig in to so they can get a lot more done and make it more spacious . The walls of the chalk trenches would start the crumble away after rain so they had to line the walls with wood, sandbags or any other material to prevent crumbling. At Ypres, the ground is naturally boggy and the water would...
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