Working Capital Management

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CHAPTER-1
INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF STUDY:
Whatever may be the organization, working capital plays an important role, as the company needs capital for its day to day expenditure. Thousands of companies fail each year due to poor working capital management practices. Entrepreneurs often don't account for short term disruptions to cash flow and are forced to close their operations. In simple term, working capital is an excess of current assets over the current liabilities. Good working capital management reveals higher returns of current assets than the current liabilities to maintain a steady liquidity position of a company. Otherwise, working capital is a requirement of funds to meet the day to day working expenses. So a proper way of management of working capital is highly essential to ensure a dynamic stability of the financial position of an organization. OPTCL is one of the largest power transmission organizations in the country, which plays the role of transmission of electricity in the entire state of Orissa. Seeing the good opportunity to study financial systems and practices of OPTCL, it is relatively important take up internship assignment on ‘WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT IN OPTCL’. During the project work, it is being analyzed the working capital position of this organization. Decisions relating to working capital and short term financing are referred to as working capital management. These involve managing the relationship between a firm's short-term assets and its short-term liabilities. The goal of Working capital management is to ensure that the firm is able to continue its operations and that it has sufficient money flow to satisfy both maturing short-term debt and upcoming operational expenses. Working capital management deals with maintaining the levels of working capital to optimum, because if a concern has inadequate opportunities and if the working capital is more than required then the concern will lose money in the form of interest on the blocked funds. Therefore working capital management plays a very important role in the profitability of a company. And also due to heavy competitions among different organization’s it is now compulsory to look after working capital RELEVANCE OF STUDY

At OPTCL a substantial part of the total assets are covered by current assets. Current assets form around 30%- 40% of the total assets. However this could be less profitable on the assumption that current assets generate lesser returns as compared to fixed assets. But in today’s competition it becomes mandatory to keep large current assets in form of inventories so as to ensure smooth production an excellent management of these inventories has to be maintained to strike a balance between all the inventories required for the production. So, in order to manage all these inventories and determine the investments in each inventories, the system call for an excellent management of current assets which is really a tough job as the amount of inventories required are large in number. Here comes the need of working capital management or managing the investments in current assets. Thus in big companies like OPTCL it is not easy at all to implement a good working capital management as it demands individual attention on its different components. The study of working capital management is very helpful for the organisation to know its liquidity position. The study is relevant to the organization to know the day to day expenditure. This study is relevant to give an idea to utilise the current assets. This study is also relevant to the student as they can use it as a reference. This report will help in conducting further research. Other researcher can use this project as secondary data PROBLEM STATEMENT:

Working capital management or simply the management of capital invested in current assets is the focus of study. So topic is to study working capital management of OPTCL. Working capital is the fund invested by a firm in...
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