According to Article 20 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, all members of the nation, both men and women, shall receive equal protection under the legal system and enjoy all human, political, economic, social and cultural rights, based on Islamic principles. Despite the fact that the constitution treats all individuals equally, the governing legal frameworks do not provide women with equality and justice. All are equal before law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any such discrimination in violation of this declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination. (Declaration of Human Rights, Article 7).
It is the view of the Islamic Republic of Iran that the concepts, values, objectives and norms which constitute human rights represent the noblest concerns of humanity in its totality, and should not have been the monopoly of a single segment of the international community in the codification, implementation and international promotion and protection processes. Recognition of and respect for this fact would promote the "human rights" and "equal participation" of the diversified cultures representing the human community, without distinction as to race, religion, or national origin, in an exercise whose aim is to further these very objectives.Equality of all citizens irrespective of social status, race, sex, religion, national origin, language and other superficial barriers before the law has deep roots in Islamic tradition and teachings.
Women and the image of women played an important role in the outbreak of the Islamic Revolution and its sequel. They offered unparalleled support to its leaders, as declared by the Revolutionary Leader. Women themselves participated in the uprising and firmly supported the Revolution.
Our uprising is indebted to women. Men took the example of the women into the streets. Women encouraged the men to revolt, and sometimes even led the way. Woman is a wonderful creature. She possesses fiendish, strong [and] passionate capabilities. (Imam Khomeini, 6/5/1980)
Iranian society was transformed by the Revolution, and women were the pioneers of this transformation. (Ayatollah Khamenei, 30/3/1982)
Based on this conception, the Islamic Republic of Iran promulgated protective laws which were intended to protect society and to remove everything that prevented the effective participation and employment of women and which took away their rights on the basis of their sex and charms:
Islam mandates the hijab so that women may take on their social responsibilities in a pure and safe environment. The discussion of women’s freedoms in the West today is a continuation of nineteenth century discourse. The injustice done to women in Western culture and literature has no comparison and no equal in any period of history. Women have been oppressed in all periods of history, but Western culture has sorely wronged them and subjected them to the greatest oppression by making them a plaything for men. Women must liberate themselves from the erroneous conception that they were created for men and for their amusement. However, it seems that freeing women from this conception is no less difficult than freeing men. This erroneous conception has taken root in their minds as the result of a long project of insinuation and suggestion (Ayatollah Khamenei, 1992)
Legislation and protection of women’s rights
There is not enough time to examine all the laws introduced concerning women, which have been collected together to form large compilations within the publications of the Iranian Council .We can only offer a quick glance here at the general legislation within the Constitution of the Islamic Republic. Subsequent studies can offer an examination of the laws suitable for comprehensive study.
The introduction of the Constitution, which was approved by 98% of the Iranian people in...