WOMEN’S ROLE THEN & NOW: SCRIPT
HUMANITIES WORLD CULTURES
PROFESSOR, CHERI REISER
AUGUST 26, 2012
Women’s Role Then & Now: Script
Roles women should play in society on today ladies we will be listening to two Notable Women from the 19th century on the roles women should play in society so let’s pay close attention to these two women of yesterday and embraces what they have to say on the roles women should play in society. Sojourner Truth: Hello ladies my name is Sojourner Truth and I have been asked to share with you about myself and the roles women should play with in society. Well I was born as a slave as Isabella Baumfree, in Ulster County, New York, around 1787 I was one of twelve children that was born to James and Elizabeth Baumfree. My family and I were owned by Colonel Hardenbergh who later die and ownership of my family and I was turned over to his son Charles. Ladies it did not stop there. I was sold at an auction at the age of 9 years old with a flock of sheep for $100. By the age of 12 I had a new owner John Dumont at West Park, New York. It was during my stay there I learned to speak English. In 1817 Dumont compelled me to marry an older slave named Thomas and we produced one son Peter, and two daughters Elizabeth and Sophia. In 1826 while waiting on the emancipation of slavery I escaped along with my infant daughter Sophia leaving my other two children behind. Shortly after my escape I learned that Peter my 5 year old son had been sold illegally to a man in Alabama. I managed to take the case to Court and eventually secured Peter’s return from the South. The case is said to be the first in which a black women successfully challenged a white man in a United States court. My early years of freedom was marked by several strange hardships having converted to Christianity, I moved with my son Peter to New York City in 1829, there I worked as a house keeper for a Christian Evangelist Elijah Pierson. I moved on to the home of Robert Matthews also known as Matthias Kingdom or Prophet Matthias where I worked as a domestic. On June 1, 1843 I Isabella Baumfree changed my name to Sojourner Truth, devoting my life to Methodism and abolition of slavery. In 1844, I joined the Northampton association of education and Industry in Northampton, Massachusetts. Founded by abolitionists, the organization supported a broad reform agenda including women’s rights and pacifism all members lived together on 500 acres as a self-sufficient community. During this time I came in contact with several leading abolitionist such as William Lloyd Garrison, Fredrick Douglas and David Gurgles. In 1846 although the Northampton Community disbanded my career as an activists and reformer was just beginning. In 1850 William Lloyd Garrison published my memoirs under the title” The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave”. Since I could not read or write I dictated my recollections to a friend. I went on to speak at the first National Women’s Rights Convention in Akron. The extemporaneous speech, recorded by several observers, would come to be known as “Ain’t I a Woman?” My tours continued in Ohio from 1851 to 1853 working closely with Marius Robinson to publicize the antislavery movement in the state. My main focus during my tour in Ohio was to seek political equality for all women and chastise the abolitionist community for failing to seek out civil rights for black women as well as men. During the Civil War I put my beliefs to action by helping to recruit black troops for the Union Army. I was able to encourage my grandson, James Caldwell to enlist in the 54th Massachusetts’s Regiment. In 1854 I was called to Washington, D.C. to contribute to the National Freedman’s Relief Association, where I had the opportunity to meet and speak with President Abraham Lincoln about what I believed in and my experience. (www.biography.com). Spokes Woman for Women of Today Ladies let’s give attention now...