Transmission or distribution of 5o Hz or 60 Hz electrical energy from the generating point to the consumers’ end without any physical wire has yet to as a familiar and viable technology. This paper focuses on the past and future possible advancements in WPT and explaining why it has still not come into practical utility. Wireless energy transfer has been around for about a century, but as of yet has only found usage in things like electric toothbrush rechargers and specialty applications such as beaming solar power down from space. A simple demonstration of it can be constructed at home with ordinary materials. A loop of wire short circuiting a battery will cause a compass needle placed near it to point, and by tapping one end of the wire on and off of its electrode you can cause the needle to twitch. The transverse magnetic field induced in the line acts on the compass, performing work without the use of a physical connection.- History:
As the wireless art developed during the turn of the 20th century, industry was looking toward a method of wireless energy transfer. Some of the then scientists are Hertz: A precursor of this technology can be found in the works of Heinrich Rudolf Hertz in the late nineteenth century. In 1888, Hertz experimented with pulsed power transmission at 500 megahertz. Tesla: Tesla was able to light gas discharge lamps, he lit ordinary incandescent lamps at full candle-power by currents induced in a local loop consisting of a single wire forming a square of fifty feet each side, which includes the lamps, and which was at a distance of one-hundred feet from the primary circuit energized by the oscillator. Yagi: In Japan, Hidetsugu Yagi attempted wireless power transmission. In February 1926. Yagi managed to demonstrate a proof of concept, but the engineering problems proved to be more onerous than conventional systems. The Need for a Wireless System of Energy Transmission:
A great concern has been voiced in recent years over the extensive use of energy, the limited supply of resources, and the pollution of the environment from the use of present energy conversion systems. Electrical power accounts for much of the energy consumed. Much of this power is wasted during transmission from power plant generators to the consumer. The resistance of the wire used in the electrical grid distribution system causes a loss of 26-30% of the energy generated. This loss implies that our present system of electrical distribution is only 70-74% efficient.
A system of power distribution with little or no loss would conserve energy. It would reduce pollution and expenses resulting from the need to generate power to overcome and compensate for losses in the present grid system.
The proposed project would demonstrate a method of energy
distribution calculated to be 90-94% efficient. An electrical distribution system, based on this method would eliminate the need for an inefficient, costly, and capital intensive grid of cables, towers, and substations. The system would reduce the cost of electrical energy used by the consumer and rid the landscape of wires, cables, and transmission towers. The greatest amount of power used, the peak demand, is during the day. The extra power available during the night could be sold to the side of the planet where it is day time. Considering the huge capacity of power plants in the United States, this system would provide a saleable product which could do much to aid.
Methods for wireless energy transfer:
There are three main methods for wireless energy transfer in use today; induction, electromagnetic transmission (power beaming), and evanescent wave coupling. Induction
Transformers are probably the simplest example of wireless power transfer. The two circuits of a transformer are physically isolated, but transfer (and transform) power by magnetic coupling through induction. Induction cookers are a prime example of how this is used. In an induction cooker, energy is...