William Golding: Lord of the Flies

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Universidad de Almería

Filología Inglesa y Alemana
Inglés Instrumental

William Golding: Lord of the Flies

Docente: García Sánchez, María Elena

Estudiante: Schmidt, Swenja-Janine

Fecha de entrega: 20.12.2012
Outline

1. Introduction3

2. William Golding: Lord of the Flies3

2.1 Summary3

2.2 Characters4

2.2.1 Main Characters4

2.2.2 Minor Characters5

2.3 Themes and Symbols5

3. Conclusion: Personal Opinion6

4. New Vocabulary7

Index14

1. IntroductionWilliam Golding published his Nobel-cited, famous novel “Lord of the Flies” in 1954, shortly after World War II. The novel, his best-known work, soon became a bestseller and has sold millions of copies worldwide so far. The famous book has been translated into many languages, major languages, such as German and Spanish, as well as minor languages, such as Basque or Catalan.[1]In this paper, I am going to summarize the plot of the novel, give an overview over and also describe the major and minor characters, and present the topics of the book. After that, I am finally going to conclude the work with a critique of Golding's book, and attach a list containing unknown vocabulary. 2. William Golding: Lord of the Flies2.1 SummaryWilliam Golding's novel “Lord of the Flies” is set during World War II, and deals with a group of British schoolboys that has to arrange themselves and establish some kind of regulated social live far beyond civilization, rules, authority and society, and everything else they were used to.An airplane with a group of British schoolboys on board crashes on its way to England, which leads to a group of children stranding on a Pacific island near England. Two of the boys, Ralph and Piggy, find a conch in a lagoon near the beach. They decide to use it in order to discover other possible survivors, and soon find out that they are not the only people on the island. They manage to establish some sort of democratic government and choose Ralph as their leader. Piggy, a very smart boy, helps Ralph throughout the plot, supporting him and helping him with wise ideas and advice. After deciding to lighten a signal fire on the island, that is to call the attention of possibly passing ships, the boys manage to establish a rather big fire on the top of the mountain, kindled with the lens of Piggy's specs. They also build three shelters on the island that are to provide safe places to sleep and protection from wind and rain.Yet, Jack Merridew, the leader of the school choir, starts to cause trouble. Obsessed with hunting the pigs on the island, he starts showing disrespect towards Ralph and his rules for a structured social life on the island, and prefers hunting the pigs on the island over helping with necessary things, such as keeping the fire going or building shelters. Enjoying his new freedom and the life without authorities to tell him what he has to do or not to do, he even seems to refuse to believe in being rescued, and spends the days hunting and killing pigs with the choirboys. Striving for power and also still angry about the boys' decision to elect Ralph as their leader, Jack later detaches himself from the group, forming a new group with himself as the leader, trying to win more and more children over. Eventually, Ralph's group only consists of five people henceforth: Ralph, Piggy, Simon and the twins Sam and Eric, that are only called „Samneric“.However, that is not the only thing that affects a rather steady, organized life on the island: a dead pilot's body, attached to the undergrowth, keeps getting moved by the wind; some children see it and mistaken it to be a dangerous “beast” that lives on the island, which soon causes fear and disquietude among the children. Later on, Jack decides to sacrifice a pig to the beast. After killing a sow, he gores the sow's head on a stick and tucks it into the ground. Soon surrounded by flies, the children start calling it „Lord of the Flies“. When Simon finally discovers the truth...
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