Why Did the Women's Rights Movement Emerge in the USA During the '50s and '60s?
During the 1950's and 1960's, there were campaigns for rights widespread across the USA - namely the Civil Rights movement as led by Martin Luther King. Eventually, co-operation between King and the Supreme Court had been reached. Consequently, women whom aimed to bring about Women's Rights felt confident and motivated towards escalating their cause in order to bring about change, due to the fact that despite being treated with less respect than men, they were still treated better than black people, therefore believing that a Women's Rights act would be accomplished with ease.
The ability for any married couple to divorce with much less hassle in contrast to previous times, many more women had joined the labour force. However, the working women gained around 60% of what a man earned. Understandingly, the women had felt angered by this statistic, as the women earning less than men could be in jobs with higher control and authority than some men, and demonstrated that wage was just a matter of gender. Due to Civil Rights being brought about in Britain, due to the involvement that women had in working for the British arms industry, American women may have questionned why their labour had not been acknowledged and credited appropriately.
The introduction of the birth control pill in 1960 demonstrated a women's right to choose whether to sustain the pregnancy or not. The significance of this was that women were granted more independent decisions, and allowed other women to use this permission in order to seek about other changes that could be made, such as a woman being able to work in government status, and eventually, did happen after President Kennedy appointed Eleanor Roosevelt as chairwoman in 1961. This was a gigantic leap forward in the Women's Rights campaign, and, similarly to the Civil Rights movement,...