Why does God allow evil?
This excerpt was written by Richard Swinburne, which overall talks about his beliefs concerning God. His theistic view on the subject can strongly be seen through his writing. Ultimately, theism is the belief that there is one god who is the ruler of the world and the universe. Richard Swinburne is the leading advocate of a theistic point of view. His main message was to answer the question “Why does God allow evil?” and I believe he did a great job describing his overall point.
Over the last 50 years Swinburne has been a very influential proponent of philosophical arguments for the existence of God. His philosophical contributions are primarily in philosophy of reason and philosophy of science. As a member of the Eastern Orthodox Church, he incorporates his beliefs and argues in many articles and books that faith in Christianity is rational and coherent in a rigorous philosophical sense. While he presents many arguments to advance the belief that God exists, he argues that God is a being whose existence is metaphysically necessary. Swinburne has attempted to reassert classical Christian beliefs with an apologetic method that he believes works hand in hand with contemporary science. This specific method relies heavily on a cause of logic, seeking to show that his Christian beliefs fit best with the evidence. Furthermore, Swinburne uses his beliefs in this writing.
In the opening of the essay, Swinburne begins to defend the view that the existence of evil in the world is consistent with the existence of “ an omnipotent, perfectly good God”. Not only are they consistent, he argues, but all the good that exists throughout our world must have the possibility of substantial evil. He starts this off with his argument by distinguishing two different kinds of evils in the world. The first evil he calls is called “moral evil” which comes from the action of humans displaying bad moral decisions and the second is natural evil which is pain...
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