The main character in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is Willy Loman.
He is an old salesman who lives in world build up of illusions and memories. His
life is based on dreams which never come true. Willy is trying to accomplish the
American Dream, but in his dream accomplishment successes of his sons, Biff and
Happy, do not exist. Loman's receipt for wealth is personal attractiveness and well
likeness, unfortunately he never achieve these receipts. During his life he follows
his dream, but when things go wrong he fools everybody around including
himself. His memories are filled with amazing stories which always make him the
"hero" that everybody else are proud of. By not living in reality he makes his
children follow the same path and make the same wrong dreams and choices. His
wife, Linda, and his sons keep him up in these mistakes, and that hurts all of them.
The person who suffers the most from Willy's delusions is Biff. He was always in
center of attention as the favorite son whose small' sins were easily forgiven.
Since ever he was taught by Willy how to follow the perfect formula' to be
successful in life. When Biff realizes that his father's life was based on illusions he
comes back to sad reality and its kind of late to make something of own life.
During the high school years, Biff was the most talented and liked kid for
Willy. Willy thought it will be enough for his son to be someone special in the
future. Even though, Biff was not an angel, and did many things the way he
should not, his defects were ignored and Biff never got punished for any of his
wrongs because boys will be boys'. The example here is brought in Willy's
memories, where Biff borrows' the ball from coach and he doesn't face any
consequences. "Willy: Sure, he's gotta practice with a regulation ball, doesn't he?
Coach'll probably congratulate you on your initiative!" (1.30.5-7). Now, when he
is adult and he can take responsibilities of his actions he keeps losing his job
because of taking' someone's belongings. When he goes to Oliver to borrow
money he cannot stop himself of taking Oliver's pen without informing him. Willy
never taught his boys what is good and what is bad to do in life, and now there
are the results.
Willy's perfect formula to be successful in life was to have personal
attractiveness and well likeness. He was inculcating it into Biff's mind on every life
step he took. Not education, or other important elements that can influence life in
the future, but to look good and be liked, it was the most significant. Loman
never pushed Biff to study. The sport career was enough to accomplish a great
dream of being successful. When Biff is endangered to fail the math, advice
provided by Willy was to cheat from someone other's paper, and even when one
of the boy's friend comes to warn and remain Biff, Willy calls him a "pest" and
"an anemic". "Willy: Don't be a pest, Bernard! To his boys: What an anemic"
(1.33.4-5). Unfortunately what Loman had thought Biff, never works for him in
the real world.
Willy's frauds affected his son's life very badly. Biff always wanted to be as
his father, the super hero father. Loman makes his son make the same mistakes
and in the result become a failure. Even when he finds his father with unknown
woman in Boston he repeats the history of following the American Dream. He
never accomplishes anything except losing
every job he gets and comes home at
age of 34 with no future at all. When he sees the reality he know that all his life
was wrong, and he knows his father was a culprit of this. Biff tries to open others'
eyes to see Willy's "wrong dreams". He realizes that his life was an illusion, and as
a 34 year old man there is not much he can do with his life.
In conclusion it is easy to see how Willy's...
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