The journey of sociological reform has come a long way from the conventional presuppositions of the olden days. The “ideal” that human beings ultimately strive for includes the longing of freedom, justice and happiness. The need to fight problematic communal customs such as slavery, despite it being the norm is an eye opening revelation of our present day reality. The foundations of political theories of then were based on slavery whilst the present theories focus on freedom. An idea that was so universal in nature completely ignored moral feeling, the idea of “efficiency spelt brutality” . However, the process of turning mere ideas into actuality is slow and can be attributed towards the complexity of historical development. The changes stimulated due to the principle of human nature having essential rights caused a change in perspective but not the complete demolition of the activity. This however can be seen as a small step towards a great idea, some transition is made towards a reform. The active nature of human beings allow for purpose and meaning as well as some degree of self-control and volition. Human beings are a representation of their society yet still responsible for changing it. Understand this seemingly paradoxical concept is essential in understanding reform and helps understand the claims made by Whitehead. The notion that “there is no known way of removing the evil without the introduction of worse evils” is an implicit argument. Whiteheads ontological ideas of internal relations, self-determination and final causation help us understand the humanitarian progress that has been made thus far.
The idea of expecting change from society, while being a product of the same society is an ontological perspective of internal relations. The essentiality of being human contributes to our surroundings and environment. However the emergence of thinkers made way for guiding the conduct of the individual. Every epoch can be distinguished for its...
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