30 November 2014
When Prisoners Come Home
When a person has
been confined and convicted because they have violated the law the law, reentering society without rehabilitation is not promising. Those that are released from the system need to be showed the skills on how to survive in everyday life. Those that do not get placed into rehabilitation programs have a high probability of violating their parole and relapsing on paste drug and alcohol addiction. This essay will provide history, statistics, and facts that after favor help programs after incarceration and there success rate History
In early 2008, the "Second Chance Act" was
ratified by the 43
President of the United States, George W. Bush who wished to reconstruct
and restore family units, enlarge public security and rupture the cycle of reoffending (The Economist). Most of this innovation has been at local and state levels. The Council of
American State Governments Justice Centre produced a recent report which highlighted the programs which were working well. According to this report, adhering to four principles can greatly assist in lowering costly recidivism rates.
The first principle should focus on the individuals who are more likely to reoffend. This is because early intervention is a crucial element in preventing Recidivism. According to the statistics from the Bureau of Justice, approximately 30% of the total rearrests take place within the first 6 months of release. The second principle emphasizes that programs should be based on measurable outcomes and scientific evidence. In relation to this, John Jay College and the Urban Institute are working towards developing a library, which will compare reentry policies, programs and practices. The third principle delves into the issue of community supervision which must improve. The fourth principle suggests that exprisoners need to get support in their own neighborhoods as opposed to looking for centrally based institutions.
According to Frank Wolf, who is a Virginia congressman and had participated in congressional hearings concerning reentry contends that the principles are not radical, but they will work. This is a reassuring concept because approximately 95% of individuals in state prisons will inevitably return to their communities one day (Illinois Office of the Governor).
Statistics and Facts
Exprisoners can stay out of jail through effective
reentry programs. This is evident as shown by the Exodus Transitional Community program, which assists exprisoners and felons to get back on their feet. According to the latest Pew report, approximately 45% and 4.7% of offenders in Alaska and Montana respectively return to state prisons within less than three years after their release. However, in 2010, those who completed their exodus program comprised of only 3% who returned to prison (The Economist).
John. L. Clark, a D.C corrections trustee noted that the reentry of individuals who are most likely to commit crimes is not an exclusive problem for the criminal justice system, but also a challenge to the community's safety (The Washington Post). In this regard, Clark notes that this fact brings into attention the concerns of community residents and elected leaders alike. The fact that halfway house beds in the district are less than the expected influx of approximately more than 2,500 (District of Columbia) D.C inmates who are expected back into the community sets off alarm bells. The main reason for this shortage is that the increasing demand of district offenders and parolees from the D.C corrections department overlaps the supply of beds. Parole and D.C corrections officials claim that this dilemma has been created by the inability of the district to open more halfway houses. This is because ...
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