What Was the American War of Independence's Impact on Europe?

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What was the American War of Independence's impact on Europe? Use the example of 3 countries. The impact of the American War of independence was as diverse as it was complex. It's ideology rendered the masses in Paris aflame and ultimately some historians suggest it caused the French revolution. However, outside France it's ideological effect was more subdued and it's main impact was economic as a result of the war. There were some advantageous long term trade opportunities which in time were good for the various economies however it's direct results as for most post-war economies were terrible. The American War of independence deeply influenced the political life in Britain as Evans suggests: Defeat profoundly affected political life . North resigned in March 1782 as a result of the war, his departure initiated two years of grave instability during which the respective rights of the King and commons were unsettlingly rehearsed . Military reverses and the increased taxes to which war inevitably leads unbalanced the political scene and the proof of this is the resurgence of the Whig opposition and the brief period of parliamentary reform associations between 1778 and 1782 were both largely attributable to discontent provoked by war. However although there was discontent due to the war probably because of the military defeat, there was no considerable increase in numbers, or power, of those seaking more liberties and democracy in Britain. The impact of the war on the economy threatened the well-being of Britain. The volume of British exports, which flourished for much of the century, declined by almost 20 percent between 1772 and 1780 ; exports to North American mainland, Britain's largest market outside Europe, fell off by almost a half. Both imperial and private commercial compagnies suffered from the turn of events in America. As Evans suggests : It is certain that military disasters and mercantile setbackes induced those who did not stand politically a stand...
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