What Is Underdevelopment Means

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  • Topic: African Union, Africa, Sudan
  • Pages : 23 (6621 words )
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  • Published : April 8, 2013
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AMBO UNIVERSITY
Institutes of Cooperatives and Development study
MA in development study
The First, Assignment on IGAD Contribution for the Regional Development| April 8 2013
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The seven members state of IGAD cover an area of 5.2million sq.km and have population more than 180 million. This region is so rich in culture, language and religion practice. The average population growth rate of the region is 2.6% which is the highest in the world and half of the population under the age of 14 years.| IGAD contribution for Regional development| Courses: - Development Perspective

Instructor:- Dr. Birhanu Kuma Ambo, Ethiopia
Abstract
In this paper, different literatures have been reviewed in order to have deepest understanding about the main tittle of the paper. The paper is organized in a way that can put something about the organization structure and function. It has five section; the introduction, objective, methodology, discussion and result, IGAD relationship with different organization and main challenges of IGAD. The objective of IGAD; will be to Promote joint development strategies and gradually harmonize macro-economic policies and programmes in the social, technological and scientific fields; Harmonize policies with regard to trade, customs, transport, communications, agriculture, and natural resources, and promote free movement of goods, services, and people within the region. The main objective of this paper is to know in detail the structure of IGAD and its contribution in regional development efforts. In this paper mostly secondary data are revised and important points are extracted from the literature. Different terms has been defined which we will use in each stages of IGAD main intervention. Most of the IGAD establishment articles are revised and some are taken that has directly linkage with the main aim of this paper. The structure of IGAD has been seen and the relevant points are taken with its chart to make clarity about the IGAD structure. In the discussion and result part of this paper different issues were raised and well summarized. It touches main intervention areas of IGAD such as food security, environment and natural resource maintenance, economic and regional integration, and peace and security maintenance and encourages cooperation on selected areas. Finally the main source of finance for IGAD and main challenge were covered. Moreover, based on the discussion and result part conclude as: IGAD has three main intervention areas; these are agriculture (food security), environment and natural resource protection, peace and security and economic cooperation and integration. The main cause are varies accordingly; at global, regional, national and individual levels. The second pillar of IGAD intervention is to maintain peace and security among the member. IGAD has strong linkage with regional and international organization such as AU, COMESA, UN, WB, IMF, and with other like organizations. The main financial source of IGAD is the member contribution and IGAD aims are to be self-sufficiency in generating all its funds from within the sub-region. The main challenges of IGAD are conflict within each state and among the members of IGAD and terrorism Based on the literature reviewed the following recommendation has given * IGAD contribution should be strengthen on natural resource conservation * The regional integration should be strength on the main intervention * The member stat has to be cooperated in the future

* More efforts has to be given to peace and security maintenance

Tables of content
Content page Executive summary ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…1 Tables of content…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3 List of figures and...
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