What is Scientific Research Process?
There were so many researches that had been run, are running and going to run in the future. However, what is a research after all? Research means to search for knowledge, to make a systematic investigation or to establish novel facts (Trochim, 2006). According to Sekaran and Bougie (2010), research is defined as simply the process of finding solutions to a problem after a thorough study and analysis of the situational factors. The definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge in the broadest sense of the world (Shuttleworth, Martyn, 2008). The main purpose for a research is to discover, interpret and develop the methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge regarding variety of scientific matters in the universe (Trochim, 2006). Finding a definitive answer is the central goal of any research process.
There are four information sought types of research which are primary, secondary, qualitative and quantitative researches. A primary research collects data that does not already exist either by survey, questionnaire, interview or observation. A secondary research looks at the existing data and it could be a summary, collation or synthesis of information. On the other hands, a qualitative research looks at what humans behavior and the reasons behind it. A quantitative research systematic empirical investigation quantitative properties on how many people do these things and how often. Furthermore, there are two types of application research which are basic and applied researches. Applied research solves any currently faced problem which demanding timely solution (Sekaran & Bougie, 2010). It is a type of research already existed in practice but to re-vice it. Whereas, basic research serves to produce a body of knowledge in order to comprehend the level of certainty the problem could be solved (Sekaran & Bougie, 2010). It is the new work in science not...
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