WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A LEADER?
Leadership is defined as an influence relationships among leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purposes.
Major research approaches include
• Great Man theories,
• behavior theories,
• situational theories,
• influence theories, and
• relational theories.
Today’s leadership involves the shift
• from stability to change and crisis management,
• from control to empowerment,
• from competition to collaboration
• from uniformity to diversity, and
• from a self-centered focus to a higher purpose.
The focus is on human skills, integrity, and teamwork.
Leadership is often equated with good management
but leadership and management are different processes.
Management strives to maintain stability and improve efficiency. Leadership is about
• creating a vision for the future,
• designing social architecture that shapes culture and values, • inspiring and motivating followers, and
• creating change, to improve organizational effectiveness.
Most people are not born with natural leadership skills and qualities, but leadership can be learned and developed.
1.Leadership is defined an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their shared purposes. (T) 2. Leaders of today must maintain strict control
of work processes to assure that the
organization functions efficiently. (F)
3. The new paradigm of leadership acknowledges that we live in a world characterized by uncertainty.(T) 4. Many organizations were built on assumptions
of uniformity and specialization. (T)
5. A study showed that leaders who failed were
described as having good human skills (F).
6. The move to empowerment is an integral part of
the old paradigm. (F)
7. Management and leadership are the same thing. (F)
8. Empowerment emphasizes collaboration over
competition and conflict. (T)
9. Leadership is considered an art because of a
growing body of objective facts and knowledge
that describe the leadership process. (F)
10. Leadership focuses on getting everyone lined up
in the same direction. (T).
Describe the new reality for leadership.
The world of organizations is changing rapidly. Globalization. Deregulation. E-commerce. Telecommuting.Virtual teams.Outsourcing.
It takes strong leaders to effect the changes needed for survival and to guide people and organizations through the uncertainty and confusion of rapid change.
Although many leaders are still operating from an old-paradigm mind-set, they are increasingly ineffective.
As more work becomes knowledge and information-based, leaders have to take a new approach. Effective and successful leaders will respond to the new reality. p. 7.
Management and leadership are not the same. Explain.
Management can be defined as the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling organizational resources.
Management focuses on establishing detailed plans and schedules for achieving specific results, then allocating resources to accomplish the plan.
Leadership calls for creating a compelling vision of the future and developing farsighted strategies for producing the changes needed to achieve that vision.
Leadership is concerned with communicating the vision and developing a shared culture and set of core values that can lead to the desired future state.
Leaders encourage people to expand their minds and abilities and to assume responsibility for their own actions. p. 24
Give an overview of the various leadership theories.