Western and Eastern Philosophers Phi 105

Topics: Philosophy, Indian independence movement, Nonviolence Pages: 2 (695 words) Published: May 15, 2011
Western and eastern philosophers

Western and Eastern Philosophers comparisons paper.
PHI 105

There are two types of philosophy, eastern philosophy and western philosophy. Eastern philosophy or philosophies of the East can be divided into three groups which is mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch'an Buddhism (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 525). Philosophy is the study of human knowledge with an emphasis on the conditions of finding logical answers to questions. Many people have argued that the distinction between Eastern and Western schools of philosophy is arbitrary, purely geographic, and to a certain extent Eurocentric (Oldmeadow, 2007). Eastern philosophies usually consist of Christianity. The main values are success and happiness, that can be achieved in different ways, but rarely through developing ones inner strength. The majority of the criteria for success and happiness have outer nature (money, faith, popularity, etc.). The way ahead – is through active outside intervention. "Happiness lies in virtuous activity, and perfect happiness lies in the best activity, which is contemplative." – Aristotle "Though he should conquer a thousand men in the battlefield a thousand times, yet he, indeed, who would conquer himself is the noblest victor." – Buddha

An eastern philosopher (by my opinion) is a philosopher that has made a compelling or convincing argument such as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.   "Gandhi, of course, is known everywhere for his use of nonviolence to help attain political freedom for India and for striving to instill a sense of self-respect in all human beings." (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 529) Gandhi had also stated that the most important battle to fight was overcoming his own demons, fears, and insecurities (nwlynch, 2009). An eastern...
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