The New Invention to End the War
Were the atomic bombs necessary to end the World War II?
Hiroshima is one of the most well known Japanese cities in the world as it is one of only two cities experienced atomic bomb dropping. I went to Hiroshima a couple years ago and visited the Hiroshima Peace Memorial. There were many photos of victims of atomic bomb in Hiroshima which I could not even keep my eyes on for seconds as they were really awfully injured. “The hell on earth” is the only way I can describe Hiroshima after the atomic bomb was dropped. In today’s world, there are many countries owns nuclear weapons but I do not think they are necessary. Even to end the World War II, I doubt that atomic bombing was necessary. I am interested in understanding more about why the atomic bombs were dropped and what the atomic bombs were used for. World War II for Japan ended with two atomic bombings in Japan, one in Hiroshima on 6 August, 1945 and another in Nagasaki on 9 August, 1945. There have been discussions whether or not the atomic bombs were necessary to end the war and what made Harry S. Truman, the President of the United States of America, to make the final decision to drop not only one but two atomic bombs in Japan, the nation which was completely defeated by then. The Japan’s military situation was described as “hopeless” by the U.S. and British Chief of Staffs at Potsdam in July, 1945.1 So, were the atomic bombs really needed to lead Japan to surrender? Was Japan not willing to conclude the war before the atomic bombs were dropped? During this period, the United States was concerning about the rising power of the Soviet Union. The USSR was to about joining the Pacific war as it was agreed at Yalta meeting but that is not what United States wanted. The United States wanted keep the USSR out of the war against Japan and occupation of Japan.2 Does this circumstance knit to the answer to a question, whether or not if the atomic bombs were used only to end the World War II? World War II begun with Japan’s invasion to Manchuria, China in 1931, which ended “post-Great War peace… Between 1931 and 1945 the conflicts expanded well beyond East Asia. By 1941 World War II was truly global war Hostilities spread from east Asian and the Pacific to Europe, north Africa, and the Atlantic…”3 World War II begun in Japan and it also ended in Japan. Truman, the President of the United States, ordered to drop an atomic bomb to end the war as soon as possible to save millions of lives. To Truman, lives of Japanese were out of concern in terms of “saving lives.” When Samuel McCrea Cavert, the general secretary of the federal Council of Churches of Christ in America wrote to Truman to express his objection toward atomic bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Truman wrote in his reply: No body is more disturbed over use of Atomic bombs than I am but I was greatly disturbed over the unwarranted attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor and their murder of our prisoners of war. The only language they seem to understand is the one we have been using to bombard them. When you have to deal with a beast you have to treat him as a beast. It is most regrettable but nevertheless true.4 Because Japanese were beasts to Truman, Truman had no intention to save Japanese lives by ending the war. His concern was only for American soldiers in terms of ending the war. Although, Truman also declared that “the world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians.”5 This Truman’s justification for his decision on atomic bombings is contradictory. In fact, almost all of the victims were civilians, and the United States Strategic Bombing Survey (issued in 1946) stated in its official report: “Hiroshima and Nagasaki were chosen as targets because of their concentration of activities and population.” If the atomic bomb was dropped to...
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