Weimar

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Weimar Republic:

1.Emergence of the Democratic Republic and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles

Democracy established before treaty to end war be signed,
Germany had no choice, Ludendorff announced Germany has lost war Starvation was ranmpant- no option
Needed to stop britans restriction of incoming food supplies Germany becomes a democracy at Weimar in 1919. A republic with a president and prime minister First president- Ebert
Scheidemann-PM – Leader of the SDP- Socialist Democratic Party

The Parties:

Left: SPD, USPD,KPD
Centre: DDP, ZENTERUM (cathoilic)
Right: DVP,DNVP, NAZI

The military stepped aside, the politicians were to decide what to do Great shame, it was an event which many historians have argued which created a legacy of defeat and betrayal for Weimar Hitler called this the “dolchtosslegende” : ‘ the stab in the back ledged’. The blame although truly to be weighed upon the military was thrust upon the civil politicians. Germany was humiliated altogether in a state of devastation

Diktat- IMPOSED PEACE

2.Political, economic and social issues in the Weimar Republic to 1929 3.Collapse of the Weimar republic: 1929-1933
4.Impact of the Great Depression on Germany.
The focus here is on the different events and devolepments which faced Germany society- response to both internal and external international society NB: a country is never in isolation what is going ion in the world around them will greatly affect how their own society devoleps from within

Continious viscious cycle: politica, social, econmy

Conter revolution of 1918-1919: Spartcasit uprising- Extreme left, Communism ideologies

Supression of the movement: Gustav Noske (defence minister and the freikorps (volunteer groups of ex soldiers) Rose luzemburg

Implications: Needed support of the army, hatred divided the left- socialist and communists, led to perpetual division which made the left less able to resist the extreme right of politics and paramilitary groups. (Nazis)

LEFT : CALLED THE RED
-Socialism
-Neutral left
-Communism

Right:
Neutral Right
Moderate – conservative, traditional
Extreme- Fascism and Totalitarism.

Women were given the vote- all Germans above the age of 20
Establishment of the democratic socio-political system
The ‘White terror’ also played a role. White= right left=red Kapp Putsch, 1920: extreme right attempts to overthrow government 1923: Munich beer hall putsch
Implications exposed left government, weakness, stinnes-legien agreement was successful: strike of workers( with support of industrialists and bankers) defined right putsch, Revealed growing power of the army+ sympathy of army for the right

Political assassinations e.g. Walter Rathenau- foreign minister 1919019220 370 political murders

Political and economic stability more prominent between 1924- 1929 Dawes plan- 1924 : Readjustment of reparations at capacity to pay Foreign loans= new prosperity
GERMANY WAS BUILT SOLELY AROUND DEBT: IF GLOBALY INSTABLITY WAS TO ENSURE THE ECONOMY AND ALL SOCIAL INSFRASTRUCTURE SURELY WOULD COLLAPSE Still high unemployment 9 precent in 1929
Germany as a social welfare state: 26 % of GNP (gross national products) going towards social welfare- left side Growing power of trade unions

President Von Hindenburg: 1925- WW1
Loyal to the old Germany but lessor of far greater evils towards democracy Was essentially was a military figure (right wing), enabled the army to tolerate the republic as he was head of it Resulted in political stability in 1924-1929

Foreign policy:
Stresemann became foreign minister
Ended German diplomatic isolation
Treaty of Locarno 1925: denounced war, protect nation’s border League of nations: 11926: membership, gave Germany a voice in world affairs Treaty of Rapollo-1922: favourable trade agreements with Russia, secret Germany to train troops in soviet union 1926 Treaty of Berlin- neutrality if either side was attacked young plan 1929-...
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