Water Laws in Nepal

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Water Laws in Nepal
Laws Relating to Drinking Water, Sanitation, Irrigation, Hydropower and Water Pollution

WaterAid Nepal

February 2005

WaterAid Nepal / Anita Pradhan

Water Laws in Nepal
Laws Relating to Drinking Water, Sanitation, Irrigation, Hydropower and Water Pollution

February 2005

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Table of Contents

Preface .................................................................................................................................. vii List of Acronyms .................................................................................................................. viii Summary of Relevant Nepali Laws in Chronological Order ................................................... ix Chapter 1: Introduction ........................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 2 1.2 International Law ............................................................................................................. 3 1.3 Impending New Legislation ............................................................................................. 4 Chapter 2: Drinking Water ...................................................................................................... 5 2.1 Policy and Legislation ...................................................................................................... 6 2.2 The Right to Drinking Water ........................................................................................... 8 2.3 State Ownership of Water Resources .............................................................................. 8 2.4 Priority of Water Uses ...................................................................................................... 9 2.5 Management of Water Supply ...................................................................................... 10 2.6 Licensing of Water Use .................................................................................................. 10 2.6.1 Who Must Obtain a Licence? ........................................................................... 10 2. 6.2 How to Obtain a Licence .................................................................................. 11 2.6.3 Processing of Licence Applications .................................................................... 12 2.6.4 Rights of Licensee ............................................................................................. 12 2.6.5 Duties of Licensee ............................................................................................. 13 2.6.6 Cancellation of Licence ..................................................................................... 14 2.7 Drinking Water User Associations .................................................................................. 14 2.7.1 Who May Form a Drinking Water User Association? ........................................ 14 2.7.2 Statute of Drinking Water User Association ...................................................... 15 2.7.3 Procedure for Registration of Drinking Water User Association ........................ 15 2.7.4 Rights of Drinking Water User Associations ...................................................... 15 2.7.5 Functions and Duties of Drinking Water User Associations .............................. 16 2.8 Obligations of Consumers of Drinking Water ............................................................... 16

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Chapter 3: Water Supply System .......................................................................................... 19 3.1 Drinking Water Suppliers ............................................................................................... 20 3.1.1 Duty to Supply Water ........................................................................................ 21 3.1.2 Duty to...
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