Was the Constitution Created to Protect People?

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Was the Constitution Created to Protect People?
Lisa Vu
U.S. History
Period 4

Throughout the world, democracy seems to be a popular form of government because in this type of government, the people have power to decide on the decisions that affect them. After the Shays’ Rebellion, the Article of Confederation was weak because it did not have a strong central government to enforce laws effectively; therefore, the Constitution was called to replace the Articles of Confederation. The purpose of the Constitution was to provide a strong federal government but also limit its power. Also, the purpose of the Constitution is protecting the natural rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. However, the preamble of the Constitution best exemplifies its purposes, "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." Consequently, the U.S. has supported democracy because its values respect human rights and helps created a stable government in order to prosper. Additionally, democratically governed nations are apt to secure peace among citizens because they provide the countries with economic development, work rights, global improvements, and humans’ wellbeing. By supporting democracies around the world, the United States helps protect the people’s freedom in other countries. The creation of the Constitution serves as protection of liberty because it constructs a rational government, creates boundaries between the state and federal governments, and outlines the people’s freedoms.

In order to protect country’s liberties, the Constitution produces three branches of government to govern the U.S. in a balanced way and uses the system called checks and balances to restrain any branch from becoming more powerful than another. The three branches are legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress has the power to enact laws, declare war, the right to confirm or reject Presidential appointments. The Senate approves the President’s appointments to the Cabinet, the Supreme Court, and federal courts; also, the Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote. In Article I, Section 2, the Constitution states that “The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.” One example of checks and balances is that the legislative branch has the power to impeach the president, and they also have the power to override a presidential veto. The Executive branch is made of the President, Vice-President, and the Departments. The President approves and carries out laws passed by the legislative branch. Moreover, the President “…shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and…appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United State…” (US Const. Art. II, Sec. 2). By nominating the judges, the executive branch checks the judicial branch. Lastly, the Judicial branch is made of the Federal courts and the Supreme Court. The judicial branch manages the court system of the U.S. Through court cases, the judicial branch explains the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. The Supreme Court is the head of the judicial branch. Another instance of a checks and balance is the Supreme Court rules whether something is constitutional or unconstitutional under the Constitution. By forcing the three branches to be monitored by the others, no branch can gain enough power to become superior over the...
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