The Warfare and Strategy of World War One:
Birth of Modern Warfare
The European summer 1914 was a very productive one before the onset of World War One. International exchange and co-operation fueled the belief that war was impossible to come. In 1910 the author of The Great Illusion, Norman Angell, demonstrated that the breaking of international credit caused by war would either deter its outbreak or bring it to a quick close (the first world war, ebook location 272). However, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungry and his wife Sophie by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist, started a war the likes of which the world had never seen. The rise of imperialism, militarism, and a network of alliance gave way to World War One which began on July 28, 1914. By August 6, more than eight countries were brought into conflict. The countries involved in World War One bought to bare massive armies and equipped with new technology that would revolutionize the way war would be fought from then on. Along with these new technologies came new strategies like armored warfare, the use of aviation, and the use of artillery drastically changed the scope of land warfare. The First World War would also be known for use of trench warfare and attrition warfare which would characterize and give the face of the dark dismal scenes of war we all remember to this day.
Although many people think of the long lines of trenches that stretched from Switzerland to the North Sea, World War One began very much as a war of mobility and movement. The Germans utilized the Schlieffen Plan, which quickly mobilized German forces using the built up rail system in their country to move troops to the western front and then march troops up through Belgium in an attempt to overwhelm France. The German’s master plan wasn’t without its faults. The plan was built for quick victories and didn’t account for delays in movement time, how many troops would be needed to occupy...
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