April 2nd 2012
The Homeless a Vulnerable Population
A homeless population is a social group of a vulnerable population that is at an increased risk for several health related issues that can have adverse outcomes. Vulnerable Populations deserve the right of protection by responsible others because of compromised, or the lack of freedom of autonomy. Part of this respect and responsibility is to have an understanding of the nature of homelessness. Part of the solution is forging a relationship between available resources and knowing the health status of the homeless for reducing further risk they could face, and for allowing the medical profession to diagnose and treat health related problems. History of the Homeless
The history of homelessness is thought to be traced back to the Colonial era around 1640 when the English “vagrants” were considered outcast and were policed. “These homeless people were noted as “Sturdy beggars” and were found in nearly every colonial town” (Oracle ThinkQuest, n.d.). The larger towns on the East coast had more numbers of the homeless than that of smaller towns because of settling when leaving England. The large numbers of homeless of that era came about because of the King Philp’ War Of 1675-1676. This war was against the native people. This war forced many of these colonies to move out and seek shelter in the forest and coastal areas. For a time these people survived in these places, until a law was passed that stated “idleness” was prohibited in the cities. This law was a result of many of these people becoming servants. The French and Indian War led to more people threatened and forced many more to become refugees in other areas. As time went on, and more wars came about the homeless starting increasing like never before. By the mid-1800’s most of the growing city’s of the East Coast were made up of staggering numbers of homeless. At this time there were a few private charities and organizations whose focus was to help the homeless and solve the problem; because there was no intervening by the government. Because of lack of funding these organizations barley thrived. An outcry was soon heard condemning the government for not helping, but still it did no good. The Civil War began and cause an even more increase in the homeless. Many of the veterans became unemployed and many lost their homes and propertied to the war and catastrophes. The loss caused them to wander in the streets, as many looked upon it as a type of poverty and crime. This caused another outcry for something to be done. Timeline of Homelessness
In 1892 Congress designated an allotment of $20,000 for a labor project study and the homeless. In 1908 President Roosevelt appointed a Housing Commission for the purpose of investigation into the homeless. The borrowing and mortgaging of 1925 caused a financial collapse and destitution was seen and felt everywhere. In 1932 the rise of the homeless was way up again because of the Great Depression. Several years following the Great Depression held catastrophes that led many more becoming homeless, such as the tornado outbreak in 1936 from tupelo Mississippi to Gainesville Georgia, leaving many without homes. In 1933 the National Industrial Recovery Act was set in motion to help slum areas and public poverty problems, and was a first major step in working to solve the problem of the homelessness. Following in 1937 the United States Housing Act established an administration for public housing, and in 1938 the housing act set in motion a project for the homeless. The United States census of 1940 showed proof that more devastating conditions were with homeless. In 1961 President John F. Kennedy restores hope for the homeless by telling the nation that all Americans should have decent living places, following in 1965 Congress formed the Department of Housing and Urban Development, giving access to affordable housing for the low income. Issues...