Volvo

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Slide 1: Background.
One of the main causes of the rapid, profound and generalized changes that state has experienced in the last three decades is the closer and organic relationship between scientific development, technological improvements and their application in the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services

Slide 2: Background (contd.)
In the state’s economy there is a globalization of markets, characterized by an increasing competition which leads to look for new technologies based on scientific knowledge. •The incorporation of these technologies to the production system allows to reduce costs, improve quality, save energy and scarce raw materials as well as to increase the productivity of the labour force.

Slide 3: Background (contd.)
Since previous decades the economy has experienced structural changes derived from, inter alia, strong waves of technological innovation as well as organizational and institutional changes. •The most dynamic sectors of economy are not the traditional ones any more (steel, cement, basic chemistry etc.), but the high-technology ones (knowledge intensive). The current processes of industrial restructuring and of changes in technological patterns revolve around the information industries (microelectronics, IT and telecommunications), and increasingly, biotechnology. (Support with data the growth of IT, Communication, Biotech sector, SEZs like Kanpur, Noida). Slide 4: Background (contd.)

Now, it is evident that such features impose the need to formulate Science & Technology Policy (S&T Policy) which will be much more linked to the rest of public policies created in the past.

Slide 5: Why do we require S&T Policy? S&T Indicators
Requirement??
MONITORING.
Basically, funding of science, often in pursuance of other national policy goals such as technological innovation to promote commercial product development, health care and environmental monitoring. GOAL: To...
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