Visual Film & Television Techniques
Film is the idea of individual motion pictures, the field of film as an
art form, and the motion picture industry. Films are produced by recording
photographic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation
techniques or visual effects. (Film, n.d.) To create a film you need cameras,
projectors, film stock, and lenses. The first films were created by the use of a
cranked camera. They were shot on a single reel, resulting in filmstrips that
were only 15-20 minutes. Independent producers pioneered the use of double
reel filmmaking during the years before World War I. This allowed the
production of longer films and opened the door for further growth and
opportunity. The Thaumatrope, Fantascope also known as the “spindle
viewer”, Kinematoscope, and the Praxinoscope were great inventions though
out time that complimented the first invention of film. The double reel camera
is another invention that became an icon of movie production.
By the 1880s, the development of the motion picture camera
allowed the individual component images to be captured and stored on a
single reel. This led quickly to the development of a motion picture projector to
shine light through the processed and printed film and magnify these "moving
picture shows" onto a screen for an entire audience. These reels are also known
as "motion pictures". Early motion pictures were static shots that showed an
event or action with no editing or other cinematic techniques. Though time,
color processes improved and became as affordable as black n white film.
(Camera, n.d.) The sophisticated use of lighting and different camera angles is
crucial in creating a scene's atmosphere. This is a development in the film
industry to enhance the visual and sensual impact on the audience. Motifs are
also used to further these impacts.
The history of television is...
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