Virginia Woolf - Background Life & Career

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VIRGINIA WOOLF;
BIOGRAPHY AND WORKS

An Album

Submitted for Final Exam
History of English Literature

2011

DHINI R. H_06185065
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT-ANDALAS UNIVERSITY
1/7/2011

VIRGINIA WOOLF – BIOGRAPHY AND WORKS

An Album

Submitted for Final Exam
History of English Literature

Compiled by:

DHINI REZKY HUSADA
06 185 065

ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT
FACULTY OF LETTERS
ANDALAS UNIVERSITY
PADANG
2011
I
INTRODUCTION

The movement of English literature is immortalized by the convention of periodical classification. The criteria for classification derive from fields such as the history of the language (Old and Middle English), national history (colonial period), politics and region (Elizabethan and Puritan age) and art (Renaissance and modernism). This classification then known as Periods of English Literature.

In this modern era, it will be interesting to discuss about literature nowadays or we also named it as Twentieth-Century Literature. Talking about Twentieth-Century Literature is talking about a period of great artistic change that dominated by the impact of World War I (1914-18) and World War II (1939-45). In this period, the artistic concerns of modernism as a reaction to realist movements in the late nineteenth-century. While realism and naturalism focused on the truthful portrayal of reality, modernism discovered innovative narrative techniques, such as stream of consciousness, or structural forms such as collage and literary cubism.

Product of modernism in literature is a new age of critical writing – much of the best of it by the creative writers themselves. One of the best known modernist in this era is Virginia Woolf. Furthermore, in this paper we will specifically discuss about Woolf’s life, career and work. How her misery life make she become one of influential modernist will be revealing here.

II
VIRGINIA WOOLF – BIOGRAPHY AND WORKS

A. BIOGRAPHY

Virginia Woolf was an English writer, author and novelist and a pioneer of modernism in English literature. She was an important figure in the Victorian literary society and is regarded as one of the greatest modernist literary personality of the twentieth century. She became the innovator of the English literature with her experiment with the 'stream of consciousness' and broke the mold with her highly experimental language denouncing the traditional literary techniques. Her works allow for a deeper insight to the psychology of a character and its real thinking, though they are often criticized for its pretentious and elitist depiction of the characters.

BACKGROUND LIFE

Virginia Woolf was born Adeline Virginia Stephen on the January 25th, 1882 at 22 Hyde Park Gate, London. She was the daughter of Leslie Stephen, a famous Victorian biographer, critic, philosopher and also the author of several important literary works and the editor of the The Dictionary of National Biography. Her mother, Julia Duckworth Stephen, was a nurse, who published a book on nursing. Her parents had each been married previously and been widowed, and, consequently, the household contained the children of three marriages. Her mother had three children from her first marriage, George Duckworth (1868–1934), Stella Duckworth (1869–1897), and Gerald Duckworth (1870–1937). Her father first married Harriet Marian (Minny) Thackeray (1840–1875), and they had one daughter: Laura Makepeace Stephen, who was declared mentally disabled and lived with the family until she was institutionalized in 1891. Leslie and Julia had four children together: Vanessa Stephen (1879), Thoby Stephen (1880), Virginia (1882), and Adrian Stephen (1883). Woolf’s family was full of historical and cultural connections. Sir Leslie Stephen's eminence as an editor, critic, and biographer, and his connection to William Thackeray (the father of his first wife), meant that his children were raised in an environment filled with the influences of Victorian literary society. Henry James,...
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