Criminology and Victimology
Mary Caplette CJ266 2/20/2012
There are five types of victim typologies that Selin & Wolfgang offer. The list consists of Primary Victimization, Secondary Victimization, Tertiary Victimization, Mutual Victimization, and No Victimization. Below I will describe each in a detailed manner.
I would like to start with Primary Victimization. That is described as a one person target. What that refers to is that it is personalized or an individual target. An individual will chose or “pick out” a specific person to victimize. In most situations that would include crimes associated with hate crimes, domestic violence, assault and battery in some cases, rape crimes in some cases as well.
Second on the list is Secondary Victimization. That’s described as an Impersonal target of the offender. That refers to a situation such as a business or corporation sells faulty products to the public or church. Victims of cooperate scandals, such as former employees who lost their life savings. This can be a tricky situation another example I would use, is say you fill out some “payday” loans online and you get victimized from outside parties that have bought off your information from these unsecure sites to make you pay for something you never had to begin with. They call you and tell you that you’re being sued for a loan you didn’t pay back, when in fact you probably didn’t receive that loan to begin with. They try to fool you into thinking that your being sued to hand over money that you never had to start with. That’s scary and that has happened to me.
Third is Tertiary Victimization. Described as the public as the victim. Best summary for this is crimes committed by the government, as opposed to businesses, are included here. Such as when public officials embezzle funds or defraud the public. An example of this type of victimization is when an elected official who takes “trips or vacations” and writes them off...