"Himself a man of boundless energy, he terrorized waverers with the rigors of an iron discipline."(Caesar, Gallic War (VII.1ff)) As the Roman Empire swept across the Ancient world many men fought and stood against them, Vercingetorex a Gallic warrior and Chieftain Is one of the most memorable. Reasons for his revolt against Julius Caesar vary between historians and sources, was he a man who fought to maintain common freedom? Or is he to be dismissed as an agitator whose rebellion was an act of terrorism and disruption? By viewing the tactics he used we can start to understand why his revolt against Caesar failed further more we see where at times Vercingetorex achieved great accomplishments. The discovery of his drive for the revolt and its ill-fated fail are both essential parts to learning more about this renowned warrior. A man that earned respect not only by his enemies but whose name has been carried have carried into modern society.
Vercingetorex is widely considered to be the most commonly recognised and proficient leader that opposed Caesar in the Gallic wars between 58-51BC. .Regarded to be son to Celtillus, nobleman of the Arverni people, Vercingetorex was born into a family of prominent positioning. Celtillus according to Caesar in his writings “De Bello Gallico vii” states that Celtillus was a man who “once held the supremacy of the entire Gaul.” However it is commonly agreed upon that Celtillus was over thrown by fellow Gaul’s and noblemen after the discovery of his alleged intentions of creating a kingship over a united Gaul. . With the rising threat of the expanding Roman Empire it is accepted that Vercingetorex attempted to start a revolt but failed as the noblemen, including his uncle, debarred and expelled him from their capital at Gergorvia, conversely this was only a temporary dispositioning as Vercingetorex soon overthrew the noblemen by joining ordinary and compatible men and deposed their ill-fated rule and influence. Vercingetorex then becoming the chieftain of the Arverni, and further more a leader of a mass of tribes as he joined many men in a common cause, A battle against Caesar and the intensifying Roman Empire. A wrestle that lasted until his execution in 46BC. The reasoning behind the uprise and revolt that Vercingetorex lead is often a topic of controversy and contemplated ideas. It is fondly suggested that Vercingetorix Revolt was an attempt to maintain common freedom and reputation that was threatened by Roman submission. As dominion over Celtic tribes beyond the provincial Narbonesis was secured within Rome’s grasp disgruntlement began to arise amongst Southern Central Gaul and as some historians convey it was such growing disturbances that began to increase awareness to other tribes, including the Arverni people. Historians such as Christopher Heaton have come to consider that previous uprises of Gallic tribes such as a small uprise by the Carnutes against Cenabum, a Roman settlement, are what spurred on Vercingetorix to call for a joining of the Celtic tribes in a united force to defend what they thought to be rightfully theirs. Freedom from Roman cultivation and enforcements such as taxation and slavery are strong responses to the reasons behind Vercingetorex revolt, however, it is not a theory that remains unchallenged. In writings of Caesar “The Gallic Wars” we are given the view that Vercingetorex’s revolt was a mere act of terrorism against the prevailing Roman Empire. One reason for Caesar’s dismissal of terrorism is because of the severe dealings with the people that neglected to take up Vercingetorex’s cause. Caesars attitude towards the Gallic people expressed his belief that they were of a people savagery. He considered them prone to greed and quick to anger, his treatment and expectations of them as an assemblage, was in reality, that of a race of criminals. The superiority of the Roman Empire and it’s increasingly sophisticated and highly advanced...
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