Uterus and Hysterectomy

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  • Topic: Uterus, Pregnancy, Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Pages : 5 (1207 words )
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  • Published : October 1, 2011
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Causes of Hysterectomy

Introduction

Having a hysterectomy can be one of the most difficult decisions a woman ever has to make. It can threaten your identity, sexuality, and fertility, and lead to lingering feelings of grief, depression, and loss. But sometimes a hysterectomy is necessary in order to increase quality of life, reduce painful symptoms, or even save lives. If you are thinking about having a hysterectomy, it is important to weigh your decision carefully. This report is designed to give the reader some important background information on hysterectomy procedures and on how a hysterectomy might affect you or someone you love.

But first, what is a hysterectomy? The Webster’s New World Medical Dictionary defines hysterectomy is a surgical operation that removes a woman’s uterus. The uterus is the organ which is designed to nourish a developing baby. Sometimes, a hysterectomy procedure may also remove a woman’s cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. These are also parts of a woman’s reproductive system. Since a hysterectomy involves the complete or partial removal of your reproductive organs, you will no longer have the ability to bear children after this procedure.

There are various conditions that can cause a hysterectomy to be performed, for this report we will focus on three of the most popular ones, these are:

• Uterine Fibroids

• Endometriosis

• PID- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This report talks about each of these conditions which can cause hysterectomy to be performed.

Uterine Fibroids

According to the Book of Diseases by Springfield Publishing, Uterine Fibroids can be described as nodules of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that develop within the wall of the uterus or womb. These may grow as a single nodule or in clusters and my range in size from 1 mm to more than 20 cm in diameter. Fibroids are often referred to as tumors, but they are not cancerous. The causes of fibroid growth are not known, but the Boston University School of Medicine researchers found that increased dairy intake in African American women decreases their risk of fibroids. Additionally, research evidence has demonstrated that women with a family history of fibroids are twice more likely to develop fibroids than women with no family history thus perpetuating the cycle of fibroid prevalence in African Americans. The vast majority of fibroids occur in women of reproductive age, and according to some estimates, they are diagnosed in black women two to three times more frequently than in white women. They are seldom seen in young women who have not begun menstruation and they often stabilize or regress in women who have passed menopause.

The main symptoms of uterine fibroids are:
• Pelvic pain and discomfort
• Excessive menstrual bleeding
• More frequent menstruation
• Vaginal discharge
• Pain during sexual intercourse
• Frequent urination
• Reduce bladder capacity

According to the National Women’s Health Information Centre, fibroids are the number one reason for hysterectomy in the US and they result in 150,000- 175,000 hysterectomies.

Endometriosis
[pic]
Figure 2: Show Uterus infected by endometriosis.
Picture provided by www.bing.com/images

The Book of Diseases by Springfield Publishing says the Endometriosis is a common disorder of a woman’s reproductive organs and pelvic area. It is often associated with painful menstrual periods, and if left untreated, can result in complications, such as difficulty getting pregnant, infertility, and the formation of painful adhesions. Endometriosis is not curable in many cases, but it can be successfully treated to minimize discomfort and increase the chances of conceiving a pregnancy.

Endometriosis occurs as the result of an abnormal growth of endometrial tissue. Endometrial tissue makes up the lining of the uterus, it has special qualities because it responds to changing...
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