Useful Essay Words and Phrases

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Useful Essay Words and Phrases

Certain words are used to link ideas and to signpost the reader the direction your line of reasoning is about to take, such as adding more emphasis, or introducing an alternative point of view.

Below is a selection of words used to link ideas, depending on the direction of your argument.

Adding more to a point already made
moreover; furthermore; again; further; what is more; in addition besides; above all; as well (as)
either; neither…nor; not only…but also; similarly; correspondingly; in the same way; indeed in fact; really; in reality, it is found that…
as for; as to; with respect to; regarding

Writing in lists
first(ly); second(ly); third(ly)
another; yet another; in addition; finally
to begin with; in the second place
moreover; additionally; also
next; then; and to conclude; lastly; finally

Putting the same idea in a different way
in other words; rather; or; better; in that case
to put it (more) simply
in view of this; with this in mind
to look at this another way

Introducing examples
that is to say; in other words
for example; for instance; namely; an example of this is
and; as follows; as in the following examples; such as; including especially; particularly; in particular; notably; chiefly; mainly; mostly

Introducing an alternative viewpointUseful Essay Words and Phrases

Certain words are used to link ideas and to signpost the reader the direction your line of reasoning is about to take, such as adding more emphasis, or introducing an alternative point of view.

Below is a selection of words used to link ideas, depending on the direction of your argument.

Adding more to a point already made
moreover; furthermore; again; further; what is more; in addition besides; above all; as well (as)
either; neither…nor; not only…but also; similarly; correspondingly; in the same way; indeed in fact; really; in reality, it is found that…
as for; as to; with respect to; regarding

Writing in lists
first(ly); second(ly); third(ly)
another; yet another; in addition; finally
to begin with; in the second place
moreover; additionally; also
next; then; and to conclude; lastly; finally

Putting the same idea in a different way
in other words; rather; or; better; in that case
to put it (more) simply
in view of this; with this in mind
to look at this another way

Introducing examples
that is to say; in other words
for example; for instance; namely; an example of this is
and; as follows; as in the following examples; such as; including especially; particularly; in particular; notably; chiefly; mainly; mostly

Introducing an alternative viewpoint
by contrast; another way of viewing this is; alternatively; again; rather; one alternative is; another possibility is on the one hand…on the other hand
conversely; in comparison; on the contrary; in fact; though; although

Returning to emphasise your earlier viewpoint
however; nonetheless; in the final analysis; despite x; notwithstanding x; in spite of x while x may be true, nonetheless
although; though; after all; at the same time; on the other hand; all the same; even if x is true; although x may have a good point

Showing the results of something
therefore; accordingly; as a result
so, (then,) it can be seen that
the result is; the consequence is
resulting from this; consequently; now
we can see, then, that; it is evident that
because of this; thus; hence; for this reason; owing to x; this suggests that; it follows that in other words; otherwise; in that case; that implies

Summing up or concluding
therefore; so, my conclusion is
in short; in conclusion; to conclude; in all; on the whole
to summarise; to sum up briefly; in brief; altogether; overall; thus; thus we can see that

Useful phrases to introduce quotations

• as X points out,…
• According to X,…
• To quote from X, ‘…’
• X states/suggests that…
• X tells/shows us that…
• In an article...
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