Essay Question Exam 1
While the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain had often been rocky, the French & Indian War gave rise to new tensions between the two countries. The colonists wanted the British out of the Americas, while the British wanted their newly conquered land for money. King George III & members of Parliament believed that the colonists were ungrateful so they decided to “disciple” the colonists; they wanted the colonists to pay for the tremendous debt from the war. Along with paying the war debt, King George III wanted control over all new land settlements.
George Grenville (Brother in law of William Pitt) wrote The Royal Proclamation of 1763 which forbid colonial settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains; also ordering any settlers already there to return east. This proclamation was seen by the colonists as yet another way for the British to restrict their freedom. Many believed the westward expansion to be universally considered as a path of “Growth & Prosperity.”
The Sugar Act of 1764 was one of the first signs of Great Britain’s attempt to gain a stricter hold on the colonists. They learned that the colonists had been illegally trading sugar with the French in the West Indies, cutting Great Britain out of tons of tax revenue. The Sugar Act created more provisions for shippers & made smuggling much harder. Smugglers that were caught were tried without a jury in England creating an unjust feeling amongst the colonists. Great Britain amped up its naval presence along the coasts not only to catch smugglers, but also to show force. The same year, Parliament ordered the colonies to stop printing their own paper money. This was known as the currency act, which hit the average community, the most.
In order for the British to have a stronger hold on the colonies they maintained military troops in the colonies. Great Britain certainly did not want to have to foot the bill for...