Unit Shc 33: Promote Equality and Inclusion in Health, Social Care or Children’s and Young People’s Settings

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Unit SHC 33: Promote equality and inclusion in health, social care or children’s and young people’s settings

Learning Outcome 1
Understand the importance of diversity, equality and inclusion

Assessment Criteria 1.1
What is meant by: diversity, equality and inclusion?
Diversity
Refers to the variety and differences between people and groups in our society. These differences need to be recognised and respected.

Differences can be related to:
oGender
oEthnicity
oSocial background
oRace
oCultural background
oReligion and Beliefs
oFamily structure
oDisabilities
oSexuality
oAppearance
oAge
oEconomic Status

Equality
Refers to treating everyone in society fairly and equally. This does NOT mean treating people as the same, but as individuals whose opportunities will be as good as those experienced by others. Sometimes in order to treat people equally you have to treat them differently. All people should be valued for their individuality and offered any support that they might need. Everyone should be treated with the care, consideration and respect that they have a right to and given the same opportunities to learn and achieve as others.

Inclusion
Inclusion is a process to include everyone and meet individual needs. It is a human right for every individual.
It means that everyone counts and differences should be valued, respected and celebrated. Inclusion involves identifying barriers that prevent people from taking part, being involved and fitting in. Knowledge is needed to understand these barriers which can only then be broken down. It is everyone’s responsibility to remove these barriers. It involves making sure that all support systems are available in order for everyone to participate fully.

Assessment Criteria 1.2

The potential effects of discrimination

Prejudice is an attitude, opinion or feeling about someone based on their sexuality, gender, age, abilities, language, religion, ethnicity, appearance, cultural, social and family background. It means to judge someone before you have even met them, usually based on unfair, negative assumptions, for example: •Sexism – believing that one gender is superior to the other •Racism – assuming that some people are inferior to others because of their skin colour or ethnicity

Discrimination means treating someone less favourably based on prejudiced assumptions. It is commonly based on:
Skin colour, ethnicity
Cultural background
Disability
Gender
Social background, class
Family structure
Age
Religion
Sexuality

Discrimination not only affects the individual it is directed at, but also those around them.

Effects on the individual
Isolation and loneliness
Loss of confidence and self-esteem, low self-worth
Feeling neglected and degraded
Unhappiness, depression
Confusion, frustration
Feeling unsettled
Withdrawing
Loss of motivation
Behavioural changes
Can affect learning and development
Lower standard of service received
Needs not met, missed opportunities
Difficulty forming relationships because of low self-esteem •Unable to fulfil potential due to denied opportunities
Can become aggressive
Feel ashamed about their own cultural background
Can feel they are to blame for their unfair treatment
Inability to develop abilities and talents
Denial of rights


Effects on families or friends of the individual
Annoyance and anger
Unhappiness
Feeling let down, unsupported
Worried about the individual
May also feel discriminated against
Feeling of worthlessness
Stressed, under pressure

Effects on those who inflict discrimination
Feel powerful and superior
Confident and in control
Can develop a warped and unhealthy view of society and the world •Following the incident they may feel ashamed and regret their actions •Can lead to isolation and punishment.

Effects on the wider society
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