Learning Outcome 1
Understand the importance of diversity, equality and inclusion
Assessment Criteria 1.1
What is meant by: diversity, equality and inclusion?
Refers to the variety and differences between people and groups in our society. These differences need to be recognised and respected.
Differences can be related to:
oReligion and Beliefs
Refers to treating everyone in society fairly and equally. This does NOT mean treating people as the same, but as individuals whose opportunities will be as good as those experienced by others. Sometimes in order to treat people equally you have to treat them differently. All people should be valued for their individuality and offered any support that they might need. Everyone should be treated with the care, consideration and respect that they have a right to and given the same opportunities to learn and achieve as others.
Inclusion is a process to include everyone and meet individual needs. It is a human right for every individual.
It means that everyone counts and differences should be valued, respected and celebrated. Inclusion involves identifying barriers that prevent people from taking part, being involved and fitting in. Knowledge is needed to understand these barriers which can only then be broken down. It is everyone’s responsibility to remove these barriers. It involves making sure that all support systems are available in order for everyone to participate fully.
Assessment Criteria 1.2
The potential effects of discrimination
Prejudice is an attitude, opinion or feeling about someone based on their sexuality, gender, age, abilities, language, religion, ethnicity, appearance, cultural, social and family background. It means to judge someone before you have even met them, usually based on unfair, negative assumptions, for example: •Sexism – believing that one gender is superior to the other •Racism – assuming that some people are inferior to others because of their skin colour or ethnicity
Discrimination means treating someone less favourably based on prejudiced assumptions. It is commonly based on:
•Skin colour, ethnicity
•Social background, class
Discrimination not only affects the individual it is directed at, but also those around them.
Effects on the individual
•Isolation and loneliness
•Loss of confidence and self-esteem, low self-worth
•Feeling neglected and degraded
•Loss of motivation
•Can affect learning and development
•Lower standard of service received
•Needs not met, missed opportunities
•Difficulty forming relationships because of low self-esteem •Unable to fulfil potential due to denied opportunities
•Can become aggressive
•Feel ashamed about their own cultural background
•Can feel they are to blame for their unfair treatment
•Inability to develop abilities and talents
•Denial of rights
Effects on families or friends of the individual
•Annoyance and anger
•Feeling let down, unsupported
•Worried about the individual
•May also feel discriminated against
•Feeling of worthlessness
•Stressed, under pressure
Effects on those who inflict discrimination
•Feel powerful and superior
•Confident and in control
•Can develop a warped and unhealthy view of society and the world •Following the incident they may feel ashamed and regret their actions •Can lead to isolation and punishment.
Effects on the wider society