There are many different legislation which establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment in the early years setting. Legislation can also support strategies to establish and maintain these secure settings in early years setting because the legislations are in place to ensure certain rules and regulations are followed in order to ensure an environment is safe for all who are in the setting. Five pieces of such legislation are: the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurrences 1995(RIDDOR 1995), Food Safety Act 1990 & Food Safety Regulations 1995, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002(COSHH 2002), and Products tested by British Standards Institute(BSI).
The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 states that both employers and employees are responsible for the safety of anyone in their setting and must follow certain rules to ensure there is no risk of injury to anyone in the setting. It states that any setting where children are cared for must comply with the following: * Buildings must be in good condition and designed with the safety of users in mind * Buildings and surroundings should be clean and safe
* Equipment must be safely used and stored
* Working practices must promote the health and safety of children Everyone who works in nurseries, schools, etc must know what the written safety says and put it into practice. Employees must take care of their own health and safety and that of others who are affected by their actions, and cooperate with their employer on health and safety issues. The Health & Safety at Work Act also ensures the employees are protected from harm: * The workplace should be safe and not pose a risk to worker’s health * There should be secure systems of working
* All articles and substances should be stored and used safely * Welfare facilities for staff should be available
* First aid facilities should be provided
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurrences 1995(RIDDOR 1995) requires the reporting of work-related accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences. It applies to all work related activities but not all incidents. The following must be reported to the relevant health and safety person: * The death or major injury of an employee or member of the public * Certain work-related diseases
* A dangerous occurrence - something which does not result in a reportable injury but which could have done The responsible person in a setting has the responsibility to record incidents and accidents. However, they rely on staff reporting all accidents and incidents and following the procedures for that setting.
The Food Safety Act 1990 & Food Safety Regulations 1995 are in place to prevent the spreading of any harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi or micro-organisms which cause diseases, called Pathogens. If a person or object has come into contact with a pathogen, they are said to be contaminated and can pass on the infection to others. Hand washing is one of the most important ways of making sure that infection is not passed between people. If you are involved in preparing or serving food to children, you must take a course in food hygiene. There are thousands of cases of food poisoning every year, and in a group of young children one case of food poisoning can spread very quickly around the whole class or nursery. Most cases of food poisoning are due to poor hygiene.
The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002(COSHH 2002) Regulations state that substances which can cause illness or injury must be stored and used properly. Hazardous substances include bleach and paint. Any potentially dangerous substances have a label on them which show they are dangerous. They must be kept in special containers and stored in locked cupboards. Protective clothing must be provided if necessary. COSHH consists of...