Unit 1.3 Apush Ids

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1.Women and Colonial Resistance
During the 1970’s when colonists were protesting British policies, women started to play an active role public affairs, and created the Daughters of Liberty, a group that helped end the Stamp Act. During the Townshend Act crisis women played a big role in colonial resistance through “non-consumption” of British tea. This was as important as non-importation of tea because women were the major consumers of British tea. Women also supported colonial resistance through the weaving of their own clothes. By making clothes for themselves women didn’t have to pay for British clothes, which in turn supported the British government. Spinning bees, a gathering of women to spin their own clothes, showed that Americans can give up luxury in order to promote liberty. 2.Common Sense and Declaration of Independence

Common Sense written by Thomas Paine was a pamphlet that told Americans that the monarchy was dangerous to liberty and unsuitable for Americans. The Declaration of Independence was a formal document justifying the colonies separation from England. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense started a great deal of commotion among the colonists to favor American independence. With this movement for independence the colonies started to move for independence, and on July 2nd, congress created the United States of America. As a statement to Britain of their independence, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and two others drafted the Declaration of Independence. This document shared all the wrongs of the monarchy and justified their movement for independence. A major source of inspiration for the idea behind the declaration, independence, came from Thomas Paine’s voicing of the king’s wrongs in Common Sense. 3.Locke, Social Contract, and Declaration of Independence

John Locke was a European, enlightened thinker. Locke vouched for the natural rights of man and founded the idea of the social contract. The social contract outlined that government was a man made creation formed to protect man’s natural rights, but if the government infringed on the contract then the people can resist their government. The Declaration was a document justifying the colonist’s separation from Britain. The social contract was created by John Locke, showing his yearning for a fair government. John Locke’s social contract was another significant message of the wrongs parliament and the king, and how they go against what a true government is. The idea of a social contract got colonists angered at how parliament and the king were violating their natural rights, and that they should gain independence from Britain. This desire for independence led to the creation of the Declaration of Independence, or the reasons for the colonist’s separation from Britain. 4.Internal and External Taxes

Internal taxes are taxes that are charged directly on property, goods, and government services inside the colonies. External taxes are taxes that are charged on imported goods that are entering the colonies. External taxes affected primarily merchants and ship carries and were intended to regulate trade. Internal taxes on the other hand affected almost everyone and were designed to increase the crown’s revenue. At first, parliament implemented external taxes on the colonies, like the Sugar Act. The Sugar Act put a tax on the importation of molasses, and made shipping of colonial goods a lot more complicated because they had to pass through Britain first and ships were susceptible to seizures. The Sugar Act (external) didn’t lower Britain’s debt enough, so they imposed internal taxes on the colonies. The Stamp Act was a great example of these internal taxes. The Stamp Act required colonists to buy special stamped paper for newspaper, customs documents, licenses, diplomas, etc. The Stamp Act affected almost all colonists, not just merchants and ship carriers who were affected by external taxes. Both taxes, external or...
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