Unemployment and Relevant Point

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  • Topic: Unemployment, Underemployment, Structural unemployment
  • Pages : 26 (2066 words )
  • Download(s) : 289
  • Published : October 31, 2012
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Social Science
Marking Scheme
Class X
Part I
1.
2.

(a)
(c)

or
or

(b)
(a)

or
or

3.

(a)

or

(c)

4.

(a)

or

(b)

5.

(c)

6.

(d)

7.

(c)

8.

(b)

9.

(a)

10.

(b)

11.

(b)

12.

(d)

13.

(a)

14.

(d)

15.

(d)

16.

(d)
(a)

(b)

Part II
17.

i.

The depression affected Indian trade.

ii.

Indian imports as well as exports almost halved between 1928 and 1934.

iii.

As international prices crashed, prices in India also plunged.

iv.

Wheat prices fell by 50%

v.

Although agricultural prices fell sharply yet the colonial govt. refused to reduce revenue demands.

vi.

The prices of raw jute also crashed to about 60%.

vii.

The peasants were under heavy indebtedness.

viii.

Any other relevant point.
Any three points to be explained.

3x1=3
OR

i.

The export market collapsed and the local market shrunk.

ii.

Imported cotton goods were cheaper and Indian weavers could not compete with them.

iii.

Procuring raw cotton of good quality was very difficult because the prices were very high.

iv.

The market was flooded with machine made goods.

12

v.

Any other relevant point.
Any three points.

3x1=3
OR

i.

Bombay (Mumbai) developed into the biggest sea port along the Arabian sea coast.

ii.

It became the capital of Bombay Presidency.

iii.

Large number of cotton textile industries sprang up which attracted lot of labour.

iv.

It became the centre of film industry.

v.

It provided direct sea link with Europe.

vi.

Any other relevant point.
(Any three points to be explained which attracted population to the city)

18.

3x1=3

i.

Before the printing press the reading of books was restricted to the elites only.

ii.

With the printing press a new reading public emerged.

iii.

Books reached to the wider section of the public.

iv.

With the print the hearing public changed into a reading public.

v.

Any other relevant point.
Any three points to be explained.

3x1=3
OR

i.

In the earlier stages women began writing stories, poems etc.

ii.

In early 20th century, women in South India began writing novels.

iii.

Their writings allowed for a new conception of womanhood.

iv.

Stories of love showed women who could choose or refuse, their partners and relationships.

v.

Some women authors wrote about the women who changed the world of both men and women.

vi.

Any other relevant point.
Any three points to be explained.

19.

3x1=3

i.

Martin Luther wrote 95 theses criticizing many of the practices and ritual of the Roman Catholic Church.

ii.

Luther's writings were immediately reproduced in vast numbers and read widely.

iii.

This led to a division within the church and to the beginning of the Protestant Reformation

iv.

Luther's translation of the New Testament sold 5000 copies within a few weeks.

v.

Deeply grateful to print, Luther said, "printing is the ultimate gift of God and the greatest one."

vi.

Any other relevant point.

13

Any three points to be explained.

3x1=3
OR

i.

Prem Chand's novels are filled with all kinds of powerful Characters drawn from all levels of society.

ii.

The women characters are also strong individuals.

iii.

Prem Chand's characters create a community based on democratic values.

iv.

Prem Chand's best known work is 'Godan'.

v.

It is an epic of Indian peasantry.

vi.

Any other relevant point.
Any three points to be explained.

20.

3x1=3

i.

The printing press first came to Goa with Portuguese missionaries in the mid 16th century.

ii.

By 1674 about 50 books had been printed in Konkani and Kanara languages.

iii.

Catholic priests first printed Tamil books in 1579 at Cochin.

iv.

In 1713 first Malayalam book was printed.

v.

English writing developed...
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