Important Agent Socialization
Lonzie Logan Jr
Sociology in a Global Perspective | SOC110 A01
Argosy University Online
Prof. Carolyn Paul
January 16, 2012
Understanding why Family is the most important Agent Socialization
Erik Homburger Erikson (1902-1994), a brilliant Germen-born American Psychoanalyst once said that “It is human to have a long childhood; it is civilized to have an even longer childhood. Long childhood makes a technical and mental virtuoso out of man, but it also leaves a life-long residue of emotional immaturity in him." Sociologists, social psychologists, educationalist as well as anthropologists and politicians have studied the process of socialization for years. Great mines like Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, George Herbert Mead Carol Gilligan, and Charles Horton Cooley. All had a theory about the socialization process. Socialization is an important process through which individuals are able to interact within the society and they inherit their languages, values, norms, traditions, and customs in order for his/her peers to socially accept them. The agents of socialization are the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society. There are four important agents of socialization. They include family, peers, school, and the mass media (Argosy University Online, 2008). This essay will look at the changes since the 1950 to the present. In addition, Comparing and contrasting the differences in marriage and family. At the same time as, I will interpret why a trend back towards traditional (pre-world war II) families might affect women’s right. While American societies have changed since the 1950’s, family is still the most important socialization agent. Sociologists, social psychologists, educationalist as well as anthropologists and politicians have studied the process of socialization. Great mines like Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), Erik Erikson (1902-1994), Jean Piaget (1896–1980), Lawrence Kohlberg (1981), George Mead (1863–1931), Carol Gilligan (1982), and Charles Cooley (1864–1929). All had a theory about the socialization process. Socialization is the process by which older members of a society teach their way of life to the young. Socialization is also the way we develop our own special personality, and this learning continues over the entire life course from infancy to old age (Argosy University Online, 2008). Socialization is an important process through which individuals are able to interact within the society and they inherit their languages, values, norms, traditions, and customs in order for his/her peers to socially accept them. Socialization is learned by individual through socialization agents. Every social experience we have affects us in at least a small way. However, several familiar settings have special important to the socialization process. The key agents of socialization are the family, the school, the peer group, and the mass media this is what teaches us what we need to know in order to contribute in society (Argosy University Online, 2008). The family is the most important socialization agent, because parental influences play a key role on how we grow up and view the world. Moreover, it is the family job to teach children skills, religious beliefs, and their cultural values. Nothing is more possible to produce a happy child than a family that loves and supports them. In addition, children also get their social identity from their family. For example, wealthier families encourage good judgment and creativity, while lower-income families value obedience and conformity. Families have changed from being a traditional family (nuclear family) a wife a husband and two children, not only that, but both men and women traditional roles have changed from the 1950 to the present. For example, a lot of husbands to day stay at home and watches the children while...