Demonstrate an understanding of the primary contributions of Rome to arts, government, engineering, and philosophy Tiffany McDonald
The Roman’s contributed many things to the world. They influenced society, art, government, engineering, architecture, and philosophy. They contribution made by the Roman’s throughout history lead to growth and better understanding of the world outside of the empire and a look into the life and minds of the people. Roman's most influential contribution to society has been showed throughout the history and culture of art. Although many characteristics of Roman art have been adopted from the art world of the Etruscans, the Romans' have also had their own unique contributions. One of the most influential contributions that the Romans had on the history of art was their “ability to assimilate ideas and customs from the cultures and societies which they encountered.” (Giovanni Milani-Santarpia) Frescoes, a painting done using watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, was a major contribution to artistic world. Frescoes influenced artists to focus more on the landscapes and its features instead of people and figures in their paintings. It also encouraged the artists to paint other things aside from people such as scenery and architectural scenes. Doing so helped artists to give their supporters more of an atmospheric perspective on the world and lessen the focus on people. In an attempt to giving their fresco paintings to life, the artists would apply a pigment mixed with lime directly to the wall while it was still moist. (Giovanni Milani-Santarpia) Murals was another form of art that the Romans helped being into various branches of art. Murals were an idea that came indirectly from the previous Roman creation, frescos. A mural is a piece of art that is painted directly on a wall. Then there are mosaics, which is an art form where you create an image using tiny pieces of colored stone, class, and other materials. It has been said that, “the level of detail and finesse achieved was extraordinary and the amount of work required to achieve high quality could make their cost quite prohibitive”. (Giovanni Milani-Santarpia) Mosaics were usually found in places of worships, homes, and even government office simply because they were colorful and extremely detailed. The Romans also helped to develop the use of the arch, dome and the vault and they even discovered concrete which helped to improve architecture. The biggest attribution that concrete has had on architecture has been shown in religious buildings such as the Pantheon in Rome and even the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. The fact that the both of these buildings are still standing to this very day shows how talented and resourceful the Romans were when it came to using what they had in order to improve the world. The triumphal arch was another development made by the Romans. A triumphal arch is a “monumental structure pierced by at least one arched passageway and erected to honour an important person or to commemorate a significant event." (Britannica Encyclopedia). It has been said that the triumphal arch, “used relief sculpture and inscription to carry its historic and commemorative messages, and this narrative technique decorated the entire surface of the commemorative Trajan's Column.” (Shearer West 171) It was because of the Roman’s influence on government that helped spread Christianity throughout civilization. “Rome, unified under one government, made possible the passing of information very quickly, thus greatly assisting the spread of Christianity.” (Jonathan Kieffer) This allowed Christianity to evolve from a small group to people to a diverse community full of people. The Roman Republic also gave the people belonging to a large population a say in political issues by allowing the Senators to represent the people. The Roman Republic also used the checks and balance system to make sure that power did not become too...
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