PSYC 3331: Theories of Personality
Understanding Human Nature
Alfred Adler was born on February 7, 1870, in a suburb of Vienna, Austria. He is the second of seven children of his parent. His mother may have rejected him because Alfred was dethroned from papering at age two by his younger baby brother arrival. He was jealous of older brother who, often feeling inferior to him. However, in his early childhood, he suffered some illnesses and the death of his younger brother by pneumonia. But he was jealous of his older brother who he felt of healthy and engaged in the physical activities. Adler was compensation for weaknesses through persistence for his physical limitations despite of the illness. Therefore, he worked hard to be acceptable in the eyes of society. With all of his experiences, they contributed greatly to his early career such as physician specialized in neurology and became psychiatry. Alder received his degree from University of Vienna Medical School in 1895. Throughout his life as a therapist, Adler was a teacher who focused on his patient’s mental health. He encouraged self-improvement for his patients by giving them problem-solving strategies they could use to cope with their problems. Adler seemed to think himself as an enabler, who guided his patients through self-determination. Therefore, his patients learned that they themselves can make changes to their lives and the ability to improve it. He was the first psychiatrist to use therapy to help families, children, marriages, and criminals. Adler, author of the book, Understanding Human Nature, focused on “Individual Psychology”. He originally began working alongside Freud, but then withdrew from the group to begin his own work. His focus of individual psychology was the concept of “Inferiority Complex”. The definition of Inferiority Complex is a condition to develop when a person is unwilling to compensate for normal Inferiority feeling. This is important because the theory of neurosis allows the patient to escape from normal responsibilities. Not only had he emphasized the importance of equality to prevent numerous forms of psychopathology, but Alder developed and supported the social interest and independence of family structures (i.e raising children). Alder is known for his “inferiority complex” concept in which he focuses on the problem of self-esteem and provides methods for ways not to let it negatively impact human health. He mentioned how individuals can be creative to change life for the better.
It was my decision to select Adler because I agreed with many points he mentioned within his many theories. One point that he made was, how an individual child “acquire peace and security in life, [and how] it determines the very goal of his existence, and prepares the path along which this goal may be reached” (Adler, 65). According to Adler, he would let the child to make an attempt to reach their own goal without making a mistake. His statement is true and I agreed that the child should be the pushed to the best of their ability. Therefore, another valid point he maintained was, “Children who have such a goal are always easily recognized. They become “problem” children because they interpret every experience as a defeat and because they consider themselves always neglected and discriminated against by nature” (Adler 66). I felt that this information is completely true. To face the reality indicates that children grow up in such an environment consider themselves as weak, small, and capable of being lonely. They do not trust themselves to do a simple task that leads to them to think they are capable of doing without making an exemption mistake. Another point of view he mentioned, “In the comparison of the results of intelligence and talent tests it was actually found that for particular subjects, as for instance, mathematics, boys showed more talent whereas girls showed more talent...