Understand the Factors That Can Effect Interactions and Communication of Individuals with Dementia

Topics: Nursing care plan, Person, Individual Pages: 11 (4056 words) Published: December 7, 2012
Outcome 1. Understand the concept of diversity and its relevance to working with individuals who have dementia. 1. Explain what is meant by the terms
Diversity: This means difference and peoples differences are varied. Race, culture, age, marital status, politics and religion is all what makes us an individual. Anti-discriminatory practice: Action taken to prevent discrimination against people on the grounds of race, class, gender, disability etc. Anti-discriminatory practice promotes equality by introducing anti-discrimination policies in the workplace. Also known as anti-oppressive practice.

2. Explain why it is important to recognise and respect an individuals heritage. Some individuals may become very withdrawn when they enter a care Home. Being able to do individual things like listen to their favourite piece of music, or having their hair done a certain way, can be very reassuring. Ask family and friends to fill a “memory box” with meaningful items such as photographs, books, items from their family or favourite hobbies which will help them to reminisce. Heritage is the past life history of each individual. If we learn more about the heritage of a person, we can identify the person’s character, likes and dislikes and habits. It helps us to find out their true identity. 3. Describe why an individual with dementia maybe subjected to discrimination and oppression. The impairment in mental capacity caused by dementia can make people with dementia particularly vulnerable to discrimination and infringements of their rights. For example, they may be excluded from discussions about their care because their views and preferences are not seen to be valid or perceived to be a result of their condition, rather than a legitimate preference. When this occurs, the person with dementia may also be less able to object, or to challenge decisions that have been made on their behalf. Under the Mental Capacity Act a person must be presumed to be able to make their own decisions "unless all practical steps to help him (or her) to make a decision have been taken without success". This must become a reality for people with dementia. Ageism - Age discrimination inevitably impacts on people with dementia. The prevalence of dementia increases steadily with age, with the proportion of people with dementia doubling for every five year age group. Poor support and unjust treatment for older people mean many people with dementia are hit twice as hard. For example, research shows that older people are denied access to the full range of mental health services that are available to younger adults. This particularly disadvantages people with dementia who are often over 65 and in need of mental health support. There are also widespread, mistaken assumptions that dementia is merely "getting old", rather than a serious disease. This has led to unequal treatment for people with dementia, including poor rates of diagnosis and a lack of appropriate services. Abuse - Abuse is a serious infringement of the Human Rights Act and has a severe impact on quality of life. People with dementia are particularly vulnerable to abuse. Impaired mental capacity increases the risk of abuse and a person's dementia can make it harder to detect when abuse is occurring. Abuse can occur across all care settings, including by care workers and professionals in formal; care settings and by unpaid carers, family members, neighbours and strangers in informal care settings. It can take the form of psychological, financial, emotional, sexual or physical abuse. The Society believes that poor quality care must also be recognised as a form of abuse. 4. Describe how discrimination and oppressive practice can be challenged. As a senior I am accountable for my practice and should always act in the best interests of those in my care. I also have a responsibility to ensure that care which our clients receive is of a consistently high standard whether it is provided by my manager, me or...
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