Understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities (LD 201) Outcome 1
1- The following Acts are designed to promote the human rights; inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship with disabilities are the, Human Act, the Discrimination Act, the mental capacity Act, and the Equal opportunity Act. 2- These legislations and polices that influence the day to day experience of individuals as the declaration on the rights of disabled persons, whatever their handicaps and disabilities they have the same rights as able bodied persons. Outcome 2
1- Learning and disability is a reduced intellectual ability and difficulty with everyday activities for household tasks, socialising or managing money, which affects someone for their whole life, and some are caused by birth defects or congenital conditions, or some can be caused as a result from illness during childhood. 2- Examples of learning and disability are – Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD,- Autistic Spectrum Disorder, - Dyslexia, - Prader- Willi Syndrome often causes learning difficulties 3- The medical model of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled individual. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected. For example, if a wheelchair using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps The social model of disability, in contrast, would see the steps as the disabling barrier. This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled. There is a recognition within the social model that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce, and ultimately remove, some of these disabling barriers, and that this task is the...
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