Un Country Profile

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KOSOVO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

REPORT ON THE STATE
OF NATURE
2008 - 2009

Prishtina, 2010

Printing of this report was financially supported by United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) and the content of this report is not the responsibility of the UNDP.

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“Nature and biodiversity, living environment and national heritage are everyone’s responsibility” ” CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO

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Dear Readers,
Well-Wishers of Nature
Man and nature have cohabitated in full harmony from the time of prehistoric era, having always been inseparable parts. Generations of humanity have survived by utilizing the benefits of nature and using them correctly. Forestry, fodder, water resources, animals and plants play a crucial role in the development of human society. Unfortunately, human generation of modern era, more than ever before, is demolishing the ecological balance of nature on our planet. Destruction of forests, habitat fragmentation, and uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources are just some of the human activities where the consequences are now obvious. As never before, the number of endangered species and those under risk of extinction is taking on alarming proportions. Reduction of water resources, expansion of drought, natural disasters, melting of polar glaciers are just some of the manifestations of climate change that we see today in every part of the globe.

Despite the fact that current generations have many demands to meet, it is a moral obligation to leave to future generations the legacy of a rich and diverse nature, as we have inherited from our predecessors. Human consciousness today must think of the future generations; it is in our hands to decide the fate of many endangered species and their extinction. Therefore, it is the final time for us to guide our actions to the benefit of nature and the future of our planet. Although the protection of biodiversity is considered one of the greatest challenges that humanity faces today, we have to think that any living creature of this globe has the importance and the right to exist, as the man himself.

Kosovo, although a small country on the map of the globe, is characterized by rich nature, landscapes, and a diverse world of plants and animals. The value of our natural heritage is also facing constant pressure from uncontrolled and unplanned exploitation. Despite this, our orientation is to intensify our efforts for the protection and conservation of this natural, rare heritage. Drafting effective policies for environmental protection, increasing the territory of protected areas, raising the management quality of these areas, protecting rare species of plants, animals and forests; we fulfill the obligation to give successive generations the chance to enjoy the unique natural value of Kosovo.

Dr. Sc. Ilir Morina,
KEPA Chief Executive Officer

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Contents

Abbreviation indicator...........................................................................................

1

Table indicator.........................................................................................................

2

Figure indicator........................................................................................................

2

Introduction.............................................................................................................

5

1.

Background of nature protection in Kosovo..........................................

6

2.

Aims of nature protection.........................................................................

7

3.

Classification of Protected Areas..............................................................

8

4.

Chronology of Protected Areas................................................................

12

5.

Nature Protected Areas.............................................................................

15

6.

The State of...
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