De La Salle University
2401 Taft Avenue, Manila 1004
Lesson Nos. 4 & 9
Judging the Morality of Human Acts
Premarital Sex (PMS) and Adultery
AN INTEGRATION PAPER SUBMITTED TO
Professor Dalmacito Cordero Jr.
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE
STEVEN R. ENCARNACION
I. Synthesis (What are my expectations and what have I actually learned?)
I’m so glad that on the first meeting of TREDTWO, an experienced Salesian educator would handle our class. Since a different professor was indicated on our EAF, I was really shocked at the same time delighted that the leaf turned over because in that moment I knew that TREDTWO classes will not be dull and tedious for the rest of the term. As it turned out, my hunches were correct. Sir Mac’s way of teaching is as lively as anticipated. From his insightful videos to his informative handouts, I honestly believe that I learned a lot from him. The fourth lesson, “Judging the Morality of Human Acts”, is one of the lessons that I expected to be elucidative whilst enjoyable. Back in high school, we were taught that good deeds are evaluated based on some criteria. However, it was not in-depth. It’s a blessed thing that Sir Mac’s teaching was lucid and exquisitely systematized. In that way, my perception about the morality of a person cultivated. At first, I unwisely contemplated that a moral action of a person cannot be judged because I believed that God has the only authority to judge. Little did I know that the Church has published papers with respect to the amplitude of a moral action. In my understanding, this is only an insinuation because it is not as consummate as the judgment of the sole adjudicator of the universe.
On the other hand, my initial assumption with regards to the ninth lesson, “Pre-marital Sex (PMS) and Adultery”, is that fundamentally sex is sacred. This idea has always been implanted in my head since I was studying back in high school. Because of this, I expected that I have less to learn about the lesson. However, I was wrong. Again, I have abundantly learned something new from this lesson. Because of media and the world’s perspective on sex, I was somehow influenced by the thought of sex being the answer to everything. Nevertheless, the lesson refreshed my perceptions. I have again found the true meaning of love.
II. Analysis (What aspects or parts of the lessons were most interesting and meaningful?)
Enthralled by the enlightening approach of the fourth lesson on “Judging the Morality of Human Acts”, I was astonished behind how the Church scrupulously came up with this kind of moral action assessment. To round it up, there are basically three determinants of morality, namely; object, intention, and circumstances. Apparently it is called so because it approximately measures the integrity of an action. The first factor, object, is the nature of the outcome of the act itself. Meaning, it defines how good or bad an action is. Because the object of an action is defined by the free will of the person, the person will eventually be reliable for his actions. For instance, if you see a person who tripped over, the first thing that will pop in your head will determine the course of your action. Based on this situation, if you never hesitated to help the man, then you are off to set a good deed. On the other hand, if you thought twice of helping the man, then your action might lead to ignoring the man’s silent call for help; which is a bad thing. The next aspect, intention, is the goal in which the doer of the action desires to accomplish. The intention is necessary within the action because it sets the course and the impulse of the doer. Without it, the action is quite hollow and merely an accident. Furthermore, an action’s intention reveals the true nature of a person. If a person’s motive is other than the good deed itself, then the person’s action may provoke to egotism. A...
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