Transportation: Cargo and Dangerous Goods

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Transportation of Dangerous Goods ----Key of Port Security

Abstract
In this essay I will discuss and analysis some problems about port transportation of dangerous goods in Shanghai transportation community then I will design some proposals to reduce or eliminate adverse effects by good transport management and information technology.

Good transportation management should be applied in the transportation of dangerous goods. We must establish a complete system to reduce illegal transportation of dangerous goods. With the construction of port information, some information technology can be applied in the process of management to maintain port security.

Key words
Dangerous goods, transportation management, port security, information technology.

Introduction
Along with economic globalization, the world shipping market is rapidly heading towards globalization, networking, and world market competition becomes increasingly fierce. The focus of competition has become increasingly evident, competing in the global market, shipping center and seize the high ground of shipping. With the foundation of Yangshan Deepwater Port, Shanghai has made a big step forward in the completing of becoming the international shipping center. The container throughput of Shanghai Port is more than 10 billion TEUs now and it ranked first in the world in 2009, expected to reelect to this position in 2010. It seems that Shanghai will rapidly become the international shipping center with out any barriers.

But port security still exist some hidden dangers. With the rapid increase of contain throughput, the amount of dangerous freight also increases dramatically. Informal means of transportation and handling will seriously threaten the security of ports and personal safety.. Shanghai transportation community is now facing a challenge of how to deal with the transportation of dangerous freight and maintain port security.

 
Background
Transportation of dangerous goods refers to specialized organizations or persons’ use of special vehicles for unconventional goods transport. After “9.11” terrorist attacks, transportation security is particularly important. It is an important issue for Shanghai transportation community to properly handle the transport of dangerous goods to avoid the loss of people’s property and lives. According to incomplete statistics, 2004, Shanghai Port Container Terminal of public transport of dangerous goods is about 1.5% of the total. (Zhen Hong 2006)In the recent years, with the rapid increase of transportation of dangerous goods, there exist some cases that some transportation companies take some improper means to illegally transport dangerous goods, which directly threats the security of port and watercourse and cause great harm to the development of shipping industry. In 2009, some accidents of transporting dangerous goods happened in Shanghai Port from time to time due to human causes or lack of complete supporting rule systems It has become a pressing issue for shanghai transportation community how to deal with the transportation of dangerous freight and maintain port security. Problems in Shanghai transportation community

With the increase of contain throughput, the amount of dangerous freight also increase rapidly. In recent years, there existed some cases that some transportation companies ignored laws and illegally transported dangerous goods, which seriously threatened port security. Some facilities haven’t been equipped to maintain port security. After research, we find some problems existed in Shanghai transportation community 1. lack of good transportation management on dangerous goods 2. lack of awareness of safe transportation

3. construction of port information is not completed

Some possible reasons for existence of these problems
Shanghai port has just been established for a few years. Relevant staff may lack experience of management of transporting dangerous goods. Some rules have been...
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