Trade and Lynda Shaffer

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Kayla Regan Southernization Response Essay
Block Four, Odd1-1-13

Lynda Shaffer, a famous world historian, has brought up a strong argument in her article entitled “Southernization”. Shaffer points out that the major reason for the advancement of Western Europe as a global, economic, and military power after the 1450’s was not due to their own strength. Shaffer states that this superiority in these areas was due to the technological advancements, crops, corporations, and other trade goods. However, according to Shaffer, these objects were borrowed from Asia and the Middle East. The collection of the technologies, crops, industries, and other trade goods were being used in Western Europe to help them rise to supremacy. Throughout her article, Lynda Shaffer makes a very strong controversy. Based on the information that I have acquired from my textbook, as well as the information presented in this article, I have concluded that this is a valid argument for many reasons. Knowing what I know now about this topic, I would agree with Shaffer’s argument.

To begin, Shaffer backs up her reasons with cold, hard facts. Shaffer brings up many reasons to be a foundation for her argument. In her article, Lynda introduces too many justifications to explain each and every one. Nevertheless, the evidence that Lynda Shaffer brings into her passage is reinforced with even greater detailed and more substantial information. Shaffer makes a good habit, starting just towards the beginning of the article, of coming out with the topic of her next reason, and following it up with particularized information. This is one way that Lynda Shaffer did an acceptable job with proving her point throughout her article.

On the topic of technologies, Shaffer moves on to give examples of the types of technology transferred and how they affected the areas of Western Europe. One of the examples of the technological advances that moved from Asia to Western Europe of which...
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